German Renaissance prints 1490-1550
Published for the Trustees of the British Museum by British Museum Press, 1995 - Architecture - 240 pages
The Renaissance in Germany was one of the most important periods in the history of European printmaking. Largely through the singular efforts of Albrecht Durer, the woodcut was transformed from cheap book decoration into a medium of artistic merit in its own right. From the last quarter of the fifteenth century painters began to take up the technique of engraving and introduced many innovations. The first etchings ever to be produced, which also include the earliest pure landscapes in European art, date from the first quarter of the sixteenth century.
The collection held by the British Museum ranks with the greatest in the world and this catalogue includes some of its finest examples. Prints were used to propagate the ideas of the Reformation and the humanists, and were also favoured by the impecunious Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I as a cheap means of glorifying his status, Giulia Bartrum emphasises the stylistic diversity of German Renaissance prints and places them in their historical context. There is a representative selection of the works of Albrecht Durer, who combined unsurpassed technical excellence with artistic genius, and his most idiosyncratic of pupils. Hans Baldung Grien, is also discussed. Artists from Augsburg include Hans Burgkmair, Hans Schaufelein and Jorg Breu. Also represented are Lucas Cranach, close friend of Martin Luther and specialist in elegant portraits and courtly subjects for the dukes of Saxony, and Hans Holbein the Younger, who designed book illustrations in Basel and became court painter to Henry VIII of England.
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Michel Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff Martin Schongauer
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Albrecht Altdorfer Albrecht Diirer altarpiece Altdorfer's appeared artists Augsburg Baldung Barthel Barthel Beham Basel Beham Berlin border British Museum brown ink Burgkmair catalogue Christ coat of arms colour prints Colour woodcut commissioned copies Danube school dated death decorative designs Diirer Dodgson drawings Durer's early edition Emperor Maximilian engravings Erasmus Erhard etchings figure Flotner Georg Pencz German Germanisches Nationalmuseum Heinrich Aldegrever Hieronymus Holbein Hollstein Hortulus Animae illustrations impression inscription Italian Jost de Negker Landau and Parshall landscape lettered Lugt Luther Marcantonio Raimondi margins Martin Schongauer Master Meder monogram Nuremberg ornamental painter paintings Panofsky Passion Pauli Pencz plate plate-mark portrait Presented by William printmaking produced Provenance published Purchased from Messrs Regensburg Renaissance Rottinger Schaufelein Schongauer Schreyl Sebald seen sheet sixteenth century Strasbourg style survived technique tion title-page tone block Trimmed Vienna Virgin Weiditz William Mitchell Willibald Pirckheimer Winzinger Wittenberg Woodcut printed