German "Smart-Bus" Systems: Potential for Application in Portland, Oregon: Volume 1, Technical Report

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DIANE Publishing, Jul 1, 1995 - 100 pages
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Describes the history of the Flexible Operations Command and Control System (FOCCS) and how it is being used in Germany to integrate flexible-route bus, minibus and microbus services, rail and ferry services. Also describes how new telephone-based information services can be used to enhance the cost-effectiveness of FOCCS and other German "smart bus" concepts for use in the United States. Contains numerous tables and figures.
 

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Contents

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Page 102 - US, the car promises door-to-door accessibility. Where traffic flows freely, it promises a high level of mobility. Money costs are tolerable because the use of automobiles is subsidized. US motorists are charged a modest gas-tax fee to cover some costs of road-building, while the heavy costs of congestion and of air and noise pollution are not directly charged to the motorists who generate them. It is scarcely any wonder, given the car's inherent advantages and the imposition of some of its operating...
Page 11 - ... door-to-door service regarded as an Innovative model for scores of other cities — was abolished last week. Curiously, it failed not because it proved the popular axiom that mass transportation cannot compete with the automobile, but because it was more successful in luring riders than its originators had expected it to be. San Jose's costly experience demonstrated the enormous difficulty facing city planners in providing mass transportation in the great majority of American cities that are...
Page 11 - His remark was made after county supervisors voted to kill the usual mas? transit system because experience had shown more than twice as many buses — and double the original budget — were necessary to make it work, and the county did not think the cost was worth it. Last November 24, the county inaugurated what transportation authorities described as perhaps the most convenient system of mass transportation ever offered to residents of a large metropolitan area. For 25 cents — or only 10 cents...
Page 3 - This document describes the potential of advanced computer telecommunications smart bus technologies now operating in Germany to serve fastgrowing American suburban areas. It describes the history of the Flexible Operations Command and Control System (FOCCS) and how it is being used in Germany to integrate flexible-route bus, minibus and taxi services with fixed-route bus, rail and ferry services. The report also describes how new telephone-based information services can be used to enhance the costeffectiveness...
Page 11 - is that you shouldn't try to play baseball with a toothpick." MORE FUNDS WERE NEEDED His remark was made after county supervisors voted to kill the usual mas? transit system because experience had shown more than twice as many buses — and double the original budget — were necessary to make it work, and the county did not think the cost was worth it. Last November 24, the county inaugurated what transportation authorities described as perhaps the most convenient system of mass transportation ever...
Page 11 - If it was more than several miles away, the rider was transferred tę a conventional bus traveling on regular fixed routes, taking him to a point he could transfer to another dial-a-ride minibus. FORTY CITIES, TWENTY-TWO STATES Over the last 4 years, dinl-a-ride systems have been instituted in more than 40 cities in 22 States. Although virtually all of them have required large deficits, none match the magnitude of the system tried here, which was more than 15 times larger than any previous one. Troubles...
Page 11 - ... metropolitan area. For 25 cents - or only 10 cents for riders over 65 or under 18 - the county provided door-todoor transportation between virtually any two locations in a sprawling urban area covering more than 200 square miles. WITH A TELEPHONE call, any of the county's 1.2 million residents could summon a bus to their door. A computer was used to identify which of dozens of buses were cruising closest to the caller's home. Then, the bus took the caller to the doorstep of his destination if...
Page 101 - ... identify the region's transportation needs and ensure that those needs are satisfied in the most cost-effective manner through private as well as public operators.
Page 102 - In competition with other transport modes, it usually wins hands down — mostly because travel time from origin to destination is typically shorter than via other modes and because money costs, although not low, are tolerable. Travel times are short because a car...
Page 3 - The Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon (Tri-Met) provides transit, paratransit and ridesharing services within Multnomah, Clackamas and Washington Counties in the Portland metropolitan area. For the past two decades, Tri-Met has been investigating ways to use new technologies to improve the costeffectiveness of public transportation services in fast-growing suburban areas. Several publications have reported that cities and counties in Germany that have installed new computer-telecommunicat...

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