German commercial Real Estate funds in Sweden
Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1, Royal Insitute of Technology (KTH) Stockholm (Division of Buildings and Real Estate Economics), 80 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This Master Thesis has the aim to identify the investment patterns of German commercial real estate funds in Sweden. Questions of “when”, “how” and “why” they entered the Swedish market are answered. Also the local distribution of these investments is taken into consideration. The motives why they had and still have chosen the Swedish market are explained and compared with several former research papers about foreign investment motives. 19 interviews have been made with German real estate funds as well as Swedish advisor companies in order to answer these questions. The interviews with German funds have shown that they face several problems due to the German Investment Act. The main difficulties are the prohibition of the double layer structure, hierarchy problems and strict regulations concerning investment rules. Thus German funds were limited in their ability to make decisions. But the German Investment Act will change and liberalize the German funds. Thus real estate funds will have the possibility to compete with other investors for projects, which they could not do before. German funds entered the market, because it promised to be a growing and stable market. At the time when German funds entered Sweden, the real estate situation and economic position was better compared with the German business and real estate cycles. The funds were mainly driven by diversification and the high liquidity in Germany. Official statistics showed that diversified international portfolios performed better than national ones. Another point in the investigation is the development of the interest rate in Sweden. Forecasts predict an increasing interest rate and so highly leveraged investors are likely to leave the market. German funds instead can be 100% equity financed and so will win more market share in the next years.
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