Germans into Jews: Remaking the Jewish Social Body in the Weimar Republic
Germans into Jews turns to an often overlooked and misunderstood period of German and Jewish history—the years between the world wars. It has been assumed that the Jewish community in Germany was in decline during the Weimar Republic. But, Sharon Gillerman demonstrates that Weimar Jews sought to rejuvenate and reconfigure their community as a means both of strengthening the German nation and of creating a more expansive and autonomous Jewish entity within the German state. These ambitious projects to increase fertility, expand welfare, and strengthen the family transcended the ideological and religious divisions that have traditionally characterized Jewish communal life. Integrating Jewish history, German history, gender history, and social history, this book highlights the experimental and contingent nature of efforts by Weimar Jews to reassert a new Jewish particularism while simultaneously reinforcing their commitment to Germanness.
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anti-Semitism assimilation Ben Shemen Berlin Bernfeld Bertha Pappenheim biological biopolitics birthrates BJFB bourgeois boys Buber Central Welfare Agency correctional education crisis cultural cultural Zionism decline Detlev Peukert Deutschland east European Jews economic Eugen female feminist Fürth Gemeinschaft gender German Jews German-Jewish girls goal Ibid individual Jewish community Jewish family Jewish history Jewish population Jewish renewal Jewish social body Jewish welfare Jewish women Jewish youth Jewry Judaism jüdischen Kinderhaus Kinderhaus Kovno Köpenick Kovno League of Jewish Lehmann Leo Baeck Institute Liberal Lubinski marriage Martin Buber middle-class moral mothers Nazism non-Jewish organization orphans Pappenheim parents Paula Hyman pedagogic percent political population policy postwar regeneration religious reproduction Repzin role settlement sex reform sexual Siddy Siegfried social policy social welfare social workers society sought Sozialpolitik sphere Theilhaber tion traditional unique University Press Verlag Verwahrlosung Volk Volksgemeinschaft Volksheim Weimar Jewish Weimar Jews Weimar Republic Wohlfahrtspflege Wolzig young youth welfare Zionist ZWSt