Getting at the Roots of Man-caused Forest Fires: A Case Study of a Southern Forest Area

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1940 - Forest fires - 156 pages
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Page 11 - Every culture must be analyzed into the following aspects: economics, politics, the mechanism of law and custom, education, magic and religion, recreation, traditional knowledge, technology, and art. And all human cultures can be compared under the headings of this scheme. Far from the chaotic, indeterministic defeatism which overwhelms the amateur, and apparently even some professional anthropologists, this approach gives us a solid scientific foundation. Incidentally, we also arrive at another...
Page 45 - ... new needs, which in turn have to be satisfied. The primary — that is, the biological — wants of the human organism are not satisfied naturally by direct contact of the individual organism with the physical environment. Not only does the individual depend on the group in whatever he achieves and whatever he obtains, but the group and all its individual members depend on the development of a material outfit, which in its essence is an addition to the human anatomy, and which entails corresponding...
Page 32 - Frustration is independently defined as that condition which exists when a goal-response suffers interference. Aggression is independently defined as an act whose goal-response is injury to an organism (or organism-surrogate)*.
Page 10 - ... up with brush, makes grass grow better and quicker, keeps them healthy by killing ''fever germs," and is the best way to keep the woods "clean." "Woods burning is 'right! We have always done it. Our fathers and grandfathers burned the woods. It was 'right' for them and it is the 'right
Page 36 - The result is, we repeat, that the properties of any part are determined by its membership in the total functional system.
Page 20 - ... we are not dealing with Germans. According to the author, the denizens of the southern forests come from an Anglo-Saxon stock with the southern disbelief in the merits of hard work. They are proud and sensitive even though they stand at the bottom of the southern class or caste system. "Like their ancestors they 'takes no sass off'n nobody.
Page 11 - right.' We have always done it. Our fathers and grandfathers burned the woods. It was 'right' for them and it is the 'right' thing for us to do." After psychological fashion the author analyzes the following basic urges and drives: (1) need for income (economic) ; (2) need for social belongingness (including recreations) ; (3) need for prestige; (4) need or craving for religion; (5) craving for excitement (this cuts through all the other urges...
Page 45 - ... individual, group, and their mutual dependence." Since functional sociology includes not merely the emotional and the biological aspects of mental processes but also man's biological reality, the bodily needs, the environmental influences, and the cultural reactions to them must be studied side by side. Not only does the individual depend upon the group in whatever he achieves, but the group in all its individual members depends upon the development of a material outfit which, in jlsjessence,...
Page 67 - HARNED, of the State Plant Board of Mississippi, has been appointed leader of the division of cotton insect investigations of the Bureau of Entomology to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. BR Coad.
Page 14 - Likewise, from their point of view, there is not much that can be done about the matter of having offspring.

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