Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels
Cuneiform records made some three thousand years ago are the basis for this essay on the ideas of death and the afterlife and the story of the flood which were current among the ancient peoples of the Tigro-Euphrates Valley. With the same careful scholarship shown in his previous volume, The Babylonian Genesis, Heidel interprets the famous Gilgamesh Epic and other related Babylonian and Assyrian documents. He compares them with corresponding portions of the Old Testament in order to determine the inherent historical relationship of Hebrew and Mesopotamian ideas.
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THE GILGAMESH EPIC
DEATH AND THE AFTERLIFE
THE STORY OF THE FLOOD
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according aimost Anunnaki Ashur Assyrian Assyrian version Atrahasis Babylonian version barmaid Beriin Berossus biblical birds body bull of heaven burial caused clay Column courtesan Cuneiform dead death deluge destroyed divine double-hours dream dwell earth Ebeling Enkidu Enlil Enlll Ereshkigal everiasting evil father feet flood fragment gate Genesis Gllgamesh Epic gods grave hand hast thou heart Hebrew hero Humbaba Irkalla Ishtar Ishtar's descent king land Leipzig lines living Lord mankind meaning Mesopotamian mountain Namtar Nergal nether worid night Ninsun Nippur Noah Old Babylonian Old Testament opened his mouth passage psaimist rain reaim recension reference says Semitic shait Shamash She'ol ship sleep soul spirit steppe story Sumerian version Tablet XI thee thou didst thou shait thou wiit tombs translation underworid unto Urshanabl Uruk Utnapishtim verse wiit word Xlsuthros Zeitschrift fur Assyriologle