Global Change and Intellectual Property Agencies: An Institutional Perspective
Global change affects all areas of public policy and crucial aspects of governing institutions. National and international intellectual property (IP) agencies are increasingly at the fulcrum of such change but are among the least well-examined of governing and policy realms. Among the oldest agencies of government, they are moving from a long era of contented obscurity to that of increasing political and economic exposure and controversy.This is the first book to examine IP agencies in the context of this transformation. Taking a basic institutional perspective, the book examines the changes in and relationships among four national and international IP agencies: the patent offices of the US, UK, Canada and Australia; the World Intellectual Property Office, the European Patent Office and the World Trade Organization. Focusing on the 1990s, the book traces institutional changes that centre on the core trade-off in intellectual property policy between protection and dissemination of intellectual property. These are examined in relation to the two broad dusters of interests that operate around the protection versus dissemination functions. The former is dominated by big business and the IP professions and the latter by much more dispersed and emerging interests.
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The Core Patent Cycle
The Evolution of Intellectual Property Agencies in the 1990s
Patents the Protection Role and Core IP Interests
The IP Dissemination Roles and Dispersed Emerging Interests
Trademarks and IP Institutions
Copyright Regulatory Institutions
agenda AIPO analysis aspects Australia basic big business broader Canada centred Chapter CIPO Community trademark competition concerns copyright institutions copyright regimes crucial culture developing countries Doern domain names economic European Patent Office European Union examined fees firms focus GATT global globalisation hence industrial policy Industrial Property Industry Canada information highway innovation Intellectual Property Organization intellectual property rights interests international agencies international bodies international IP Internet inventor involved IP agencies IP bodies IP dissemination role IP information IP institutions IP offices IP policy IP profession IP protection IP rights IP trade-off issues linked Madrid Agreement mandates national and international national IP national offices operational organisation overall Patent and Trademark patent applications pendency rates political pressure protection function protection role realm registration regulatory reinvented sector SMEs technologies tion UK Patent Office users USPTO WIPO WIPO's World Intellectual Property World Trade Organization