Global Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Environmental Protection of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, July 30, 1991
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Environmental Protection
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991 - Chlorofluorocarbons - 79 pages
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actions activities Administration Agency agree agreement alternatives Amendments approach assessment assistance believe buildings called carbon carbon tetrachloride CFCs Chairman chemicals CLAUSSEN Clean Air Act climate change CO2 emissions commitments Committee compounds concerned continue corporation cost developing countries economic effective efforts elimination energy efficient Environment environmental equipment existing fuel funding global global warming going Green Lights greenhouse gas groups HCFCs implement important improvements increase industry issue labelling look meeting ment million Montreal Protocol move natural negotiations Northern Telecom Office ozone depletion ozone layer participate Parties percent phaseout position possible potential problem progress proposals protection question recent reduce REINSTEIN requires response scientific Senator BAUCUS Senator LIEBERMAN session significant standards STATEMENT substances substitute technical technologies Thank things tions Title United utility waste
Page 40 - Protocol, as amended at the Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in London in 1990.
Page 23 - ... temperature during the next century of about 0.3°C per decade (with an uncertainty range of 0.2°C to 0.5°C per decade) this is greater than that seen over the past 10,000 years. This will result in a likely increase in global mean temperature of about 1 °C above the present value by 2025 and 3°C before the end of the next century.
Page 44 - States could reduce its annual greenhouse gas emissions by between 10 and 40 percent of the 1990 level at very low cost, achieving some reductions at a net savings if proper policies are implemented.
Page 2 - We cannot yet predict the magnitude of climatic effects from greenhouse gas emissions with accuracy. But it is clear that the decision to limit emissions cannot await the time when the full impacts are evident. The lag time between emission of the gases and their full impact is on the order of decades to centuries: so too is the time needed to reverse any effects. Today's emissions thus commit the planet to changes well into the 21st century.
Page 40 - I appreciate the opportunity to participate in this hearing and look forward to continuing this discussion with you.
Page 44 - Fourth, the United States can make important contributions to improving the global environment and conditions for development by encouraging technology transfer to developing nations, Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Fifth, the Coalition has encouraged members of the business community and trade associations to voluntarily commit to "Guiding Principles for Business" that are consistent with good business practices and are technically feasible and economically practicable.
Page 45 - ... is essential to determine the likely costs of various actions, and the benefits that those policies would yield. Third, the economic impact of any particular strategy may vary significantly among different regions. Thus, regional impacts must be examined to ensure that burdens are suitably shared.
Page 45 - ... the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) for a Framework Convention on Climate Change.