Global Environmentalism and Local Politics: Transnational Advocacy Networks in Brazil, Ecuador, and India
Examines the internal politics of transnational environmental advocacy networks.What is the role played by local organizations in transnational environmental advocacy networks? Global Environmentalism and Local Politics revisits this question by looking at transnational environmental activism in Brazil, Ecuador, and India. Rodrigues investigates the internal politics of these networks, focusing on their internal balance of power, choice of strategies, and distribution of resources among members at the international, national, and local levels. Contrary to existing assumptions, local organizations, rather than international or national non-governmental organizations, are the key players in these networks, while at the same time mere participation in transnational advocacy efforts does not necessarily lead to the empowerment of local organizations. Participation may, for example, impose unanticipated political and technical burdens, and despite their overarching common goal of environmental preservation, network members may have different understandings of what environmentally sustainable development is and how it can be best achieved.
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activists actors affected agencies Amazonia Amerindian anti-oil network ARCO areas arenas Bank’s Brazil Brazilian challenge chapter civil society groups civil society organizations commitment community initiatives program CONAIE CONFENIAE discuss economic Ecuador Ecuadorian efforts envi environment environmental activism environmental advocacy networks environmental and human environmental NGOs environmentally sustainable development evaluation extractive reserves federal funding global goals grassroots groups human rights impact implementation Indian indigenous inspection panel claim instance Institute interests international environmental Interview issues land lawsuit legitimacy levels Madhya Pradesh MDB campaign ment mobilization monitoring Narmada Bachao Andolan Narmada network natural resources NBA’s negotiations network members NGOs Nimar Nimar valley participation Planafloro policies Polonoroeste Polonoroeste project populations region representatives role Rond˘nia Forum Rond˘nia network Rondonian civil society Rondonian government ronmental rubber tappers Sardar Sarovar Project sectors social specific state’s strategies struggle Texaco tion tional transnational advocacy networks transnational environmental advocacy U.S. Congress vis-Ó-vis World Bank