Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems
W. C. Oechel
Springer, 1997 - Science - 493 pages
Global warming is likely to have the greatest impact at high latitudes, making the Arctic an important region both for detecting global climate change and for studying its effects on terrestrial ecosystems. The chapters in this volume address current and anticipated impacts of global climate change on Arctic organisms, populations, ecosystem structure and function, biological diversity, and the atmosphere.
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Recent Climate Patterns in the Arctic
Quaternary Environmental Changes and Ecosystems
The Impact of Hydrologic Perturbations on Arctic
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active layer aestival Alaska annual arctic ecosystems arctic plants arctic tundra areas atmospheric availability biomass biome Boreal Forest bryophytes Canada carbon storage caribou CH4 flux Changing Climate Chapin climate change CO2 concentration cycling decomposition decrease dynamics Ecol Ecology ecosys effects environment environmental Eriophorum vaginatum estimates evapotranspiration factors Figure flora flowering forest-tundra global change global warming greenhouse Greenland growing season growth High Arctic high latitudes Hinzman Holocene Huntley increase Jonasson Kara Sea levels lichens methane microbial migration mineralization Molau Nadelhoffer nitrogen North northern Novaya Zemlya nutrient ocean Oechel Oecologia organic matter patterns permafrost photosynthesis pollen population precipitation predicted primary production rates Reeburgh regions response Shaver simulation snow snowmelt soil moisture species spruce subarctic summer surface Sveinbjornsson Svoboda Table terrestrial ecosystems thaw tion tree line trend tundra tundra ecosystems tundra plants tussock tundra variability vegetation warmer wet sedge wetlands white spruce winter