Global Migration and the World Economy: Two Centuries of Policy and Performance
Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2007.
World mass migration began in the early nineteenth century, when advances in transportation technology and industrial revolutions at home enabled increasing numbers of people to set off for other parts of the globe in search of a better life. Two centuries later, there is no distant African, Asian, or Latin American village that is not within reach of some high-wage OECD labor market. This book is the first comprehensive economic assessment of world mass migration taking a long-run historical perspective, including north-north, south-south, and south-north migrations. Timothy Hatton and Jeffrey Williamson, both economists and economic historians, consider two centuries of global mobility, assessing its impact on the migrants themselves as well as on the sending and receiving countries.
Global Migration and the World Economy covers two great migration waves: the first, from the 1820s to the beginning of World War I, when immigration was largely unrestricted; the second, beginning in 1950, when mass migration continued to grow despite policy restrictions. The book also explores the period between these two global centuries when world migration shrank sharply because of two world wars, immigration quotas, and the Great Depression. The authors assess the economic performance of these world migrations, the policy reactions to deal with them, and the political economy that connected one with the other. The last third of Global Migration and the World Economy focuses on modern experience and shows how contemporary debates about migration performance and policy can be informed by a comprehensive historical perspective.
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abroad Africa America anti-immigrant anti-immigrant attitudes Argentina Asia Asian asylum applications asylum policy asylum seekers Atlantic economy Australia average boom brain drain Britain British Canada changes chapter cohorts convergence decades decline demographic demographic transition destination countries earnings eastern Europe economic effects emigration rates European emigration European Union family reunification fell figure flows free migration gains Germany global century gration growth guestworker host country human capital illegal immigration immi immigrant quality immigration policy impact income increased indentured Indian industrial inequality Irish labor force labor market labor scarcity labor supply late nineteenth century Latin less million move native native-born O'Rourke OECD percent percentage periphery political poor population positive selection potential poverty constraint quotas ratio real wage refugees regions relative remittances restrictions rise shift skilled source country South Third World tion trade transport costs trends U.S. immigration unemployment United United Kingdom unskilled voters wage gap workers world migration