Globalization and the American South

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James Charles Cobb, William Whitney Stueck
University of Georgia Press, 2005 - History - 229 pages
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In 1955 the Fortune magazine list of America's largest corporations included just 18 with headquarters in the Southeast. By 2002 the number had grown to 123. In fact, the South attracted over half of the foreign businesses drawn to the United States in the 1990s. The eight original essays collected here consider this stunning dynamism in ways that help us see anew the region's place in that ever-accelerating, transnational flow of people, capital, and technology known collectively as "globalization."

Moving between local and global perspectives, the essays discuss how once faraway places like Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Indian Subcontinent are now having an impact on the South. One essay, for example, looks at a range of issues behind the explosive growth of North Carolina's Latino population, which grew by almost 400 percent during the 1990s-miles ahead of the national growth percentage of 61. In another essay we learn why BMW workers in Germany, frustrated with the migration of jobs to South Carolina, refer to the American South as "our Mexico." Showing that global forces are often on both sides of the matchup--reshaping the South but also adapting to and exploiting its peculiarities--many of the essays make the point that, although the new ethnic food section at the local Winn-Dixie is one manifestation of globalization, so is the wide-ranging export of such originally southern phenomena as NASCAR and Kentucky Fried Chicken.

If a single message emerges from the book, it is this: Beware of tidy accounts of worldwide integration. On one hand, globalization can play to southern shortcomings (think of the region's repute as a source of cheap labor); on the other, the influx of new peoples, customs, and ideas is poised to alter forever the South's historic black-white racial divide.

 

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Contents

The South and the World to 1950
19
The South and Economic Globalization 1950 to the Future
36
TABLES
40
Five Hundred Largest Corporations
48
Textile and Apparel Industry Employment Jan 1994Jan 2002
57
Globalization Latinization and the Nuevo New South
66
Globalization Latinization and the Nuevo New South by Raymond A Mohl
72
Asian Immigrants in the South
100
Asian Immigrants in the South by David M Reimers
107
Selected Nationalities in the South 2000
122
Japanese Business
135
The Arrival of Foreign Corporations
164
From the Civil Rights Movement
185
Contributors
209
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About the author (2005)

James C. Cobb, Spalding Distinguished Professor of History at the University of Georgia, specializes in the history and culture of the American South. William W. Stueck Jr., Distinguished Research Professor of History at the University of Georgia, is an authority on U.S. diplomatic history, particularly American-Asian relations.

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