Globalizing the Postcolony: Contesting Discourses of Gender and Development in Francophone Africa

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Lexington Books, Dec 18, 2010 - Literary Criticism - 340 pages
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Globalizing the Postcolony: Contesting Discourses of Gender and Development in Francophone Africa is a study of development in the former French colonies of West Africa. It takes as its starting point the international community's reporting on human and social development and gender in the developing areas which began systematically in 1990 and which has provided a framework for policy-making in this field. International reports suggest that the francophone African countries have been experiencing low levels of social development throughout the past two decades. These levels fall dramatically when the factor of gender is introduced to the point where statistically-speaking francophone African women have had less access to social development than any other population in the world. This study analyzes current thinking on the challenges facing gender and development in Africa, before moving on to examine the historical factors marking the gender and development profile of the francophone West African region. Through an analysis of gender politics in the region from pre-colonial to postcolonial times, the book examines the gradual incursion of exogenous gender policies into the region throughout the 20th century. The discussion concludes by arguing that despite the tendency of the international community, and their colonial administrative forebears, to pursue 'one-size-fits-all' solutions to what they identified as the main development challenges of the day, the impact of standardized solutions remains subject to the unique historical and cultural context in which they are implemented. Adapting formula-driven policies to unique cultural contexts constitutes a major challenge for gender and development politics in the second decade of the new century. Meanwhile, the book coincides with the introduction of a new international development agenda in Africa articulated around issues of security and globalization. While civil unrest continues to destabilize vast regions of the continent making the prospects of human and social development ever more remote, the rise of China among the traditional powerbrokers threatens to push social development and gender equality even further down the international agenda for Africa. This book is a timely reminder of the feminisation of poverty and disadvantage in the region and the need to keep the gender dimensions of development at the top of the social policy agenda for Africa in the 21st century.
 

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Contents

Chapter 01 Gender and Development in Francophone Africa
3
Chapter 02 Science Statistics and Stories
17
WHEN GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT WENT GLOBAL
31
Chapter 03 The Origins of a Global Discourse 1945 to 1990
33
Chapter 04 Good Governance for Development 19902000
47
Chapter 05 The Millennium Summit and Beyond
59
FROM THE GLOBAL TO THE POSTCOLONY DATA PROFILING IN GABON AND SENEGAL
73
Chapter 06 Mapping Gender and Development
75
Chapter 12 Speaking the Language of Gender and Development in Senegal
165
Chapter 13 International Agencies and the Agenda for Change in Senegal
187
Chapter 14 Theorizing Gender and Development in the Academy
199
Chapter 15 Voicing Dissent and Contesting Change in Civil Society
215
WRITING GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT CULTURE CONTEXT AND CHANGE IN FRANCOPHONE AFRICA
231
Chapter 16 The Literary Politics of Gender and Development
233
Chapter 17 Writing Gender and Development
251
Chapter 18 Modernization and Marginalization in the Francophone African Feminist Novel
263

Chapter 07 Senegal
85
Chapter 08 Gabon
99
Chapter 09 Measuring Gender and Development
115
IN SEARCH OF CONTEXT AND CULTURE 1 HISTORICIZING GENDER
125
Chapter 10 Sex and Status in Precolonial Africa
127
Chapter 11 Engendering the Colony
143
IN SEARCH OF CONTEXT AND CULTURE 2 LOCATING GENDER
163
Chapter 19 Conclusion
277
Commitment 5 UN World Summit for Social Development 19 April 1995
295
Commitment 5 24th Special Session of the UN General Assembly 26 June 2000
299
Selected Bibliography
303
Index
317
About the Author
323
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Claire H. Griffiths is professor of French and francophone studies at the University of Chester, UK, and former senior research fellow in the WISE Institute at the University of Hull.

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