Glossary of Terms for Quality Assurance and Good Laboratory Practices: A Commitment to Quality and Continuous Improvement
The field of quality assurance is beset by an extensive and sometimes confusing terminology, the use of which has still not been universally agreed on or accepted by laboratories or interested professional bodies worldwide. Several organizations have standardized the use of certain terms in an attempt to clarify their application. This glossary contains some of the most commonly used expressions in these fields, including those which appear in UNODC publications on quality assurance, and is an attempt to help promote and harmonize national efforts by providing internationally acceptable terminology. It is intended to be an aid to analysts in the implementation ofquality assurance programmes and good laboratory practices, and is provided to laboratories as an educational document, and as a means of encouraging laboratories to collaborate and participate in quality assurance matters. As a result, the Glossary includes more than one definition of a word or phrase where these might improve understanding of what they mean.
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accreditation body accuracy and precision analytical method analytical results Arithmetic mean assay audit batch Binomial distribution calibration curve chain of custody chemical chromatograph Collaborative studies confidence interval contains the analyte criteria determine documents drug or metabolite ensure equipment evaluation example F-distribution False negative False positive Fitness for Purpose Glossary Hypothesis test internal standard ISO/IEC Laboratory and Scientific Laboratory Practices limit of detection limit of quantitation linearity matrix mean measurand measuring instrument normal distribution null hypothesis number of values operations Outlier performance characteristics personnel population probability distribution procedure quality assurance quality control Quality Management System quantity Random error range records reference material reference method Relative standard deviation reproducibility requirements results obtained Ruggedness Scientific Section scores Seized Materials Significance test specific specimen or sample statistical control substance systematic error Technical test results tion traceability true value Type I error United Nations UNODC publications usually variable variance