God, Money, and Politics: English Attitudes to Blindness and Touch, from the Enlightenment to Integration

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IAP, 2008 - Political Science - 123 pages
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Our book examines the role of three factors, God, Money, and Politics, in the epistemological theory of blindness, (the theory of the construction of knowledge on blindness and touch by social and cultural change). This book also illustrates this development has, in the main, been motivated by an attempt to assert or gain power and why the study of blindness in conventional academic subjects such as psychology, history and sociology is so important. We do this by presenting the main theories of disability and blindness that have informed the writing of this book, and a frame of reference for the historical story. Which places the book in the broad context of theories of disability and blindness, within an academic and symbolic context of physical impairment and the social mythologies that accompany such understanding.
 

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Contents

Introduction From Enlightenment to Integration
1
Influential Studies on the Understanding of Blindness and Disability
5
Micro Studies of Disability
6
Macro Studies of Disability
9
The Following Chapters of This Book
12
PART I
15
Definitions and the Early Studies of Blindness and Touch
17
Definitions of Blindness
18
The Role of Funding in the Early Years of Institutions for the Blind
67
The Financial Influences in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
68
The Development of Nonvocational Handcrafts
69
Conclusion
71
Vocational Crafts and the Class System
72
Notes
73
Aesthetics and Touch in English Schools for the Blind
77
Music Education in Asylum and Schools for the Blind
78

Developmental Definitions of Blindness
20
The Foundation of the Method
21
Lockes Use of Blindness in Understanding Philosophy
22
Isaac Newtons Study of God and Light
24
Early Empirical Studies of Lockes Ideas
27
Conclusion
30
The Affects of Religion on Our Cultural Understanding of Blindness
32
The Use of Touch in the Study of Blindness
33
Notes
34
Modern Studies of Blindness and Touch
37
Contemporary Studies of Molyneuxs Question to Locke
38
Studies of Blindness and Perception since Gregory
40
Contemporary Philosophical Studies on the Nature of Perception
42
Studies of Three Dimensional AestheticsSpatial Awareness and Blindness
43
Studies on Emotional Development and Three Dimensional Modeling
44
The Role of Touch in Creativity
47
Studies of TwoDimensional Awareness and Blindness
48
Conclusion
50
Reduction Abstraction and Methods in the Study of Blindness and Touch
51
The Study of Total Blindness
52
Notes
54
PART II
55
Vocational Education in English Schools for the Blind
57
The Influences on the First English Asylums
59
The Development of Curricula in the Asylums
60
The Role of Morality in Behavioral Control the Division of the Curriculum and Working Hours in England
61
The Use of Handcrafts in the Early Nineteenth Century
65
Notions of Musical Aesthetics in the Curricula
79
Music Training in the Late Nineteenth Century
80
Music Training in the Twentieth Century
82
An Investigation of Aesthetic Tasks in NonAesthetic Subjects
84
Aesthetic Tasks in Subjects During the Twentieth Century
85
Conclusion
88
Aesthetic Tasks in NonAesthetic Subjects
90
Notes
91
Legal Integration in English Education
93
The Movement Toward Greater Social Inclusion in England
95
The Formation of Warnocks Committee
97
An Examination of the Committee of Enquiry into the Education of Children with Disabilities
98
An Examination of the Passing of Legislation Contained in the 1981 Act
99
An Examination of the Political Process Leading to the 1981 Act
102
Conclusion
103
Financial Considerations in the Implementation of the 1981 Act
104
Notes
105
PART III
107
Conclusion
109
Social and Cultural Influences on the Development of Attitudes to Blindness in Education
110
Attitudes Affecting Schools and Colleges
111
Attitudes Affecting Educational Integration
113
Notes
116
Bibliography
117
Interviews
123
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