God Without the Supernatural: A Defense of Scientific Theism
Peter Forrest expounds a program of best-explanation apologetics. He contends that since the existence of God would provide the best possible explanation of various facts, those facts support theism. Among the facts cited are the suitability of the universe for life, the regularity of the universe, the human capacity for intellectual progress, the experience of a moral order, and various forms of beauty. The beauty that interests Forrest as evidence for the existence of God includes sensuous beauty; the beauty of the natural order, as revealed by the sciences; and the beauty of necessity discovered by mathematicians.
In addressing the need for an adequate motive for creation, Forrest conjectures that God created the universe for embodied persons not for their life on earth alone but also for an afterlife. Forrest acknowledges the speculative nature of such an account. He suggests that philosophical speculation is also required to defend theism against the charge that it is too extravagant a hypothesis to be warranted. Providing a speculative defense against the argument from evil, he explains how such speculations can be used to support best-explanation arguments without the conclusions themselves being rendered purely speculative.
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The Apologetics of Understanding
The Theocentric Understanding of Life
The Naturalistic Understanding of Life
What Is the Argument for Naturalism?
A Proposal Derived from Hume
Explanation by Means of Laws
The Unity of the Mental
PhysicalismThe Hard Case
Substance DualismThe Easy Case
The No Planning Thesis
The Inevitable Limitation of Scientific Explanation
The Appeal to Simplicity
The Comparison of Theocentric with Naturalistic Understanding
The Conservation of Mass Energy
The Breadth of Theocentric Understanding no 1 The Regularity of the Universe
Naturalistic Accounts of Laws of Nature
Our Capacity for Intellectual Progress
Understanding Moral Supremacy
The Resilience of Moral Supremacy
Further Discussion of Moral Supremacy
The Understanding of Beauty
The Serendipity of Mathematics
The Case against Naturalism
Nonnaturalistic Rivals to Anthropic Theism
Pantheism and Polytheism
The Rejection of Metaphysical Plenitude
Against Idealistic Understanding
A God of Malice?
Art for Arts Sake?
The Conditional Superiority of Theocentric Understanding
The Theoretical Niche Argument
The Idea of a Theoretical Niche
Physicalism as an Attempt at Understanding
The Functionalist Characterization of Mental States
Knowledge of the Possible
Speculating about Consciousness
A Solution to the Correlation Problem
The Unity of the Mental
To What Category Does Consciousness Belong?
Of What Is There Consciousness?
Generalizing the Principle of Harmony
But Is Unrestricted Consciousness the Same as God?
The PointofView Problem
A Speculative Understanding of Evil
Should We Seek to Understand Evil?
The Minor Adjustment Argument
On Divine Intervention
Plenitude Care and Respect
Panentheism and the Problem of Evil
Compromise versus Commitment
The Amphibious Character of Faith
My Project in Context
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afterlife agnosticism ananthropic anthropic theism apologetics of understanding argue argument from evil articulation assume attribute dualism aware beauty belief best explanation best-explanation apologetics brain processes brain zaps causal chapter claim consider constraints create depend derstanding discussion divine command theory divine joy double aspect theory embodied persons entities example existence experience fact faith fideists functional roles further genuine epistemic possibility grant Hence human Humean hypothesis inference intrinsically intelligible laws of nature life-friendly laws mental merely metaphysical mind moral supremacy naturalistic understanding Nonetheless objection observable universe Ockham's razor pain pantheism perhaps physical universe physicalist understanding planet Plantinga position probability quantum mechanics reason reductive physicalism reject religious rely reply result rival scientific sense sort speculation substance dualism suffering suggest suitability supernatural suppose theocentric understanding theodicy Theoretical Niche theory thesis things appear truth unity unrestricted consciousness unrestricted plenitude various virtual consent warranted
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God and Goodness: A Natural Theological Perspective
No preview available - 2002