God and Logic in Islam: The Caliphate of Reason

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Nov 15, 2010 - Religion
This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life. Despite widespread characterization of Islam as a system of belief based only on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational methods, not fundamentalism, have characterized Islamic law, philosophy and education since the medieval period. His research demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational tradition was opposed by both modernists and fundamentalists, resulting in a general collapse of traditional Islamic intellectual life and its replacement by more modern but far shallower forms of thought. However, the resources of this Islamic scholarly tradition remain an integral part of the Islamic intellectual tradition and will prove vital to its revival. The future of Islam, Walbridge argues, will be marked by a return to rationalism.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
The Diversity of Reason
15
Empirical Knowledge of the Mind of God
30
The Failure of the Farabian Synthesis of Religion
55
Mysticism Postclassical Islamic Philosophy and the Rise
86
The Failure of Islamic Science
96
Where Is Islamic Logic? The Triumph of Scholastic
107
The Long Afternoon of Islamic Logic
121
The Institutionalization of Disagreement
142
The Decline and Fall of Scholastic Reason in Islam
157
The Future of Islamic Reason
170
Selected Bibliography
187
Index
203
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2010)

John Walbridge is a Professor of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures at Indiana University. He is the author of nine books on Islam and Arabic culture, including four books on Islamic philosophy, including The Wisdom of the Mystic East: Suhrawardi and Platonic Orientalism (2001) and Suhrawardi: The Philosophy of Illumination (with Hossein Ziai, 1999).

Bibliographic information