God and Logic in Islam: The Caliphate of Reason
This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life. Despite widespread characterization of Islam as a system of belief based only on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational methods, not fundamentalism, have characterized Islamic law, philosophy and education since the medieval period. His research demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational tradition was opposed by both modernists and fundamentalists, resulting in a general collapse of traditional Islamic intellectual life and its replacement by more modern but far shallower forms of thought. However, the resources of this Islamic scholarly tradition remain an integral part of the Islamic intellectual tradition and will prove vital to its revival. The future of Islam, Walbridge argues, will be marked by a return to rationalism.
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Ab¯u al-D¯ın Al¯ı Alfarabi ancient Arabic argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s British Cairo caliph Cambridge University Press century Christian Classical collections of hadith commentaries culture debates developed disagreement discipline doctrine early Islamic Edited European example F¯ar¯abian fiqh Ghaz¯al¯ı God’s grammar Greek H.ayy hadith scholars Herbert Berg Ibn Arab¯ı Ibn Rushd Ibn S¯ın¯a India interpretation Iran Islamic civilization Islamic intellectual Islamic law Islamic legal Islamic logic Islamic philosophy Islamic religious Islamic science Islamic thought Islamic world isn¯ads issues jurisprudence Kal¯am knowledge legal scholars legal schools legal system logicians madhhabs madrasas medieval Islamic metaphysics modern Muh.ammad Muslim Muslim scholars mysticism nature Neoplatonic particular Persian Plato political philosophy practical principles problem Prophet Qur’¯an rational religion revelation rhetoric role Salaf¯ıs scholastic scholasticism school logic Scientific Revolution scripture Shar¯ı‘a Shi‘ite Studies Sufi Sufism Suhraward¯ı SUNY Press supercommentaries textbooks texts theologians theology theory tradition trans translation Umar us.¯ul al-fiqh Walbridge Western