God and inscrutable evil: in defense of theism and atheism
In this important new book, David O'Connor discusses both logical and empirical forms of the problem of inscrutable evil, perennially the most difficult philosophical problem confronting theism. Arguing that both a version of theism ("friendly theism") and a version of atheism ("friendly atheism") are justified on the evidence in the debate over God and evil, O'Connor concludes that a warranted outcome is a philosophical detente between those two positions. On the way to that conclusion he develops two arguments from evil, a reformed version of the logical argument and an indirect version of the empirical argument, and deploys both against a central formulation of theism that he describes as orthodox theism. God and Inscrutable Evil makes a valuable contribution to contemporary debates in the philosophy of religion.
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In the Spirit of Hume
Theism and Gratuitous Evil
Orthodox Theism and the Reformed Logical Problem
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Abrahamic religions actual world agnosticism Alltheway Alvin Plantinga argu argument from evil chapter cognitive concept Dialogues discern discussion divine plan empirical argument epistemic evidence Evidential evidentialist existence facie NENP facts of evil facts of inscrutable fawn's suffering free-will defense freedom genuinely gratuitous God-justifying reason God-made world God's gratuitous evil gratuitous natural evil gratuitousP Hasker human persons Hume Hume's inscrutable evil instance J. L. Mackie justified logically inconsistent ment middle knowledge moral evil natural processes necessary NENP1 NERNP objection occurrence OGNE omnipotent orthodox theism Peter van Inwagen philosophical Philosophy of Religion Plantinga's defense possible world prevents all GGNE problem of evil proposition reason to think reformed argument reformed logical argument religious belief restricted theism Richard Swinburne Rowe Satan hypothesis Schlesinger sense skeptical defense Socrates square theist standard debate standard model strongly actualizes supporting arguments Swinburne theistic defenses theodicy theory things tion true weakly actualize world containing Wykstra