God's Unruly Friends: Dervish Groups in the Islamic Middle Period 1200-1550
Wandering dervishes formed a prominent feature of most Muslim communities well into the modern period, surviving in some regions even today. Shocking in appearance, behaviour, and speech, these social misfits were revered by the public, yet denounced by cultural elites. "God's Unruly Friends" is the first in-depth and comprehensive survey of this enigmatic type of piety, tracing the history of the different dervish groups that roamed the lands in Western, Central and South Asia as well as the Middle East and Southeast Europe. Demonstrating that the dervish lifestyle originated as a reaction to the formation of 'socially respectable' Sufi orders, author Ahmet T. Karamustafa compels us to reconsider the medieval Islamic past as a vast spectrum of widely divergent forms of pious living, accommodating the 'puritanical' and the 'libertine' alike. As the definitive appraisal of this neglected topic, "God's Unruly Friends" will fascinate both scholars of religion and those who seek to challenge and broaden their conception of Islam.
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Renunciation through Social Deviance
Renunciation Deviant Individualism and Sufism
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Abdāls of Rūm Abū According activity adopted al-Dīn Haydar Alī Anatolia appears Arab ascetic asceticism Asia Minor beard became beliefs called carried Çelebi century chapter clear clearly complete continued cultural Damascus dated death dervish groups dervish piety detailed deviant Digby disciple discussed distinct early Edited emergence Empire especially established evidence example existence face followers hair hand Haydarīs heads hospice India individual instance institutional Iran iron Islamic Istanbul Jamāl al-Dīn Jāmīs known later lived master means Mehmed Menavino Middle Period mode movements Muhammad Muslim mystical nature origins Otman Baba Ottoman particular path Persian piety poet political popular possible poverty practices present prominent Qalandars Qutb al-Dīn references rejection religion religious remained renunciation reports respect saints shaving Shaykh social society sources spiritual Sufi Sufism Sultan translation traveled Turkish verses vols