books.google.com - A survey of a century and a half of previous criticism. Sorts out some of the problems, but does not solve them....https://books.google.com/books/about/Gogol.html?id=GxVgAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareGogol
Victor Erlich is a distinguished literary critic and the Bensinger Professor Emeritus of Russian Literature at Yale University. Erlich's grandfather, the legendary Jewish historian Simon Dubnov, was felled in December 1941 by a Nazi bullet; his father, Henryk Erlich, a leader of the Jewish Bund and a prominent figure in Russian and Polish socialism, took his life in Stalin's prison in May 1942. He is the author of several books including "Modernism and Revolution: Russian Literature in Transition "(Harvard, 1994) and the much praised "Russian Formalism: History and Doctrine" (Yale, 1981).