Gottfried Benn's Static Poetry: Aesthetic and Intellectual-historical Interpretations
University of North Carolina Press, 1991 - 121 oldal
This book consists of close readings of four poems illustrating Gottfried Benn's developing conception of stillness or stasis: Trunkene Flut (1927), Wer allein ist-- (1936), Statische Gedichte (1944), and Reisen (1950). Mark Roche pays particular attention to the interrelation of form and content, and he uncovers previously overlooked allusions to thinkers such as Aristotle, Seneca, and Meister Eckhart.
Benn's supposedly pure poetry of stasis is in reality an expression of opposition to nazi ideology, Roche argues, and should be viewed in the context of inner emigration. Nevertheless, Benn's opposition to nazism unwittingly rests on the same decisionistic foundation as the power positivism he deplores. Benn's well-intentioned critique of nazism is ultimately unsuccessful. The book concludes with a theoretical postscript that suggest ways in which intellectual history could be made productive for literary interpretation and provides arguments in favor of an "aesthetic" analysis attentive to both formal structures and philosophical coherence.
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action aesthetic affirmation allusions Apollinian appears argue argument assert associated attempt authors becomes Benn Benn's calls circular claim concept consider contemporary contradictions contrast counter course creation criticism critique Demeter dimension Dionysian direction discussion dynamism element elevation embrace especially ethical example experience fact figure final formal German ground idea ideal images implies individual inner emigration intellectual interest lead Leben limit lines meaning merely motion movement moves mystical national socialism national socialist nature Nietzsche norms opposition original particular passage perspective perspectivism philosophical poem poet poet's poetic poetry political position present principle race reading reason recognize references reflection Reisen relativism religious remains represents rhetoric Rosenberg Ruhe sense socialism sphere stability stanza stasis Statik Statische Gedichte stillness stress structure subjectivity suffering suggests third tion tradition transcendence Trunkene Flut truth unity universal validity values writes