Governance and Performance in the German Public Research Sector: Disciplinary Differences
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 5, 2010 - Education - 194 pages
2007b: 115 ff.; Jansen 2007c: 236 ff.). “Governance patterns” here means a chain of interconnected mechanisms which can be observed empirically. “Governance p- terns” can be roughly de?ned as “complex regulatory structures coordinating the actions of interdependent actors”. Governance patterns can relate to hierarchical as well as to lateral coordination mechanisms. Enforcement can be based on law, p- fessional norms or informal and implicit norms or customs. Moreover, the regulatory structures or individual mechanisms inside them can be established and sanctioned by public as well as by private actors. There is in fact not necessarily an actor in charge of controlling outcomes as for instance in market competition. In the next section, I will introduce the reader to the changing role of the state in science policy. The third section presents the governance model for the p- lic research sector which was developed by the research group and underlies the 1 contributions in this anthology. The ?nal section gives an overview of the papers.
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administrative allocation analysis astrophysicists astrophysics average BMBF collaboration competition Data Envelopment Analysis departments Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft differentiation disciplinary differences disciplines doctoral students economics effects efficiency European European Research Council evaluation extra-university factors faculty Forschung German Public Research German Research Foundation Governance of Research HESA Higher Education humanities and social incentives increased indicators industry inter-disciplinary Jansen journals Kehm knowledge production Lšnder Leibniz Association Leszczensky Max Planck Society medical biotechnology medieval historians Mode MVQCA nano S&T nanoscience nanoscientists Nanotechnology Netherlands orientation partners PhD education PhD students placement success programmes projects Public Management Public Research Sector publication output reforms relevance research groups research performance research units RTG belonging RTG student sample Schimank Schmoch Schubert science policy science system science–industry social sciences specialisation Springer Springer Science+Business Media strategy structures successful PhD third-party funding Trute Universitšt University of Hamburg Weingart Wissenschaftsrat