Governance of the Illegal Trade in E-Waste and Tropical Timber: Case Studies on Transnational Environmental Crime
This book responds to the call for more research on transnational environmental crime and its governance by investigating the illegal trade in electronic waste (e-waste) and tropical timber, major forms of transnational environmental crime. The book is based on a qualitative multi-method research combining document analysis, interviews with key informants and field visits. Bisschop focuses on the flows that pass through the research setting of the Port of Antwerp (Belgium) and those between Europe and West and Central Africa. The study examines the emergence and social organization of these transnational environmental flows, illustrating that although profit or lure play a very important role, a range of factors on individual, organizational and societal levels together provide the motivations and opportunities. Building on these insights, the book addresses the governance of these two cases. The responsive regulatory pyramid and networked governance are used as theoretical frameworks for this analysis. This book is essential reading for scholars and academics interested in transnational environmental crime and corporate crime, as well as governance studies.
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Africa analysis Basel Convention Belgian Belgium Bisschop Braithwaite 2008 cent certification challenges chapter civil society actors civil society respondent consumers corporate actors corporate crime corporate respondent countries of destination countries of origin criminal customs e-waste and tropical e-waste flows e-waste transports economic electronic electronic waste environmental governance environmental harm environmental inspectorates example export focus forest Ghana global governance framework governance of illegal governance reality government actors government respondent green criminology illegal actors illegal e-waste illegal logging illegal timber trade illegal trade illegal transports initiatives interviews involved legal actors legal and illegal legal-illegal interfaces line between legal natural resources networked governance NGOs Passas police Port of Antwerp recycling regulation research setting sector self-regulation shipments shipping agents shipping lines social organization stakeholders timber importers trade in e-waste transit transnational environmental crime transports of e-waste tropical timber waste and natural WEEE Winterdyk wood