Governing Uncertainty: Environmental Regulation in the Age of Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology promises to transform the materials of everyday life, leading to smaller and more powerful computers, more durable plastics and fabrics, cheap and effective water purification systems, more efficient solar panels and storage batteries, and medical devices capable of tracking down and killing cancer cells or treating neurological diseases. Policy analysts predict a radical change in the industrial sector; at present, the U.S. government spends nearly $2 billion annually on nanotechnology research and development. Yet the nanotechnology revolution is not straightforward. Enthusiasm about nanotechnology?s future is tempered by recognition of the hurdles to its responsible development, including the capacity of government to support technological innovation and economic growth while also addressing potential environmental and public health impacts. This is the first volume to engage scholarly perspectives on environmental regulation in light of the challenges posed by nanotechnology. Contributors focus on the overarching lessons of decades of regulatory response, while posing a fundamental question: How can government regulatory systems satisfy the desire for scientific innovation while also taking into account the direct and indirect effects of 21st century emerging technologies, particularly in the face of scientific uncertainties? With perspectives from economics, history, philosophy, and public policy, this new resource illuminates the various challenges inherent in the development of nanotechnology and works towards a reconceptualization of government regulatory approaches.
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A World of Its Own? Nanotechnologys Promiseand
Constructing a Regulatory Regime for Nanotechnology
Barry G Rabe
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accessed March altemative American Chemistry Council approach beneﬁts Bosso Califomia Cambridge capacity carbon nanotubes challenges Chapter citizens Clarence Davies concems deﬁned difﬁcult disclosure economic development effects efﬁcient efforts emissions energy engage business engineers environment Environmental Defense Fund Environmental Management Systems environmental policy Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Regulation EPA's evidence existing chemicals exposure facilities federal govemment ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrms ﬁrst ﬂexibility govemment govemmental health and environmental human health impacts Implications of Nanotechnology industry information asymmetries institutions intemational Iohn issues management-based regulation manufacturing Marc March 12 materials nano nanomaterials nanoparticles nanoscale nanotechnology development National Nanotechnology Initiative nongovemmental nuclear Ofﬁce ofﬁcials organizations Performance Track political pollution pose potential problems Rabe reduce reﬂecting releases response risk assessment role safety Science scientiﬁc sector self-regulation signiﬁcant speciﬁc standards strategies sufﬁcient TSCA U.S. Congress uncertainty University voluntary programs Washington