Grammar from the Human Perspective: Case, Space and Person in Finnish
Marja-Liisa Helasvuo, Lyle Campbell
John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 2006 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 280 pages
The papers of this volume investigate how grammar codes the subjective viewpoint of human language users, that is, how grammar reflects human conceptualization. Some of the articles deal with spatial relations and locations. They discuss how basic attributes of human conceptualization are encoded in the grammatical expression of spatial relations. Other articles concern embodiment in language, showing how conceptualization is mediated by one's embodied experience of the world and ourselves. Finally, some of the articles discuss coding of person focusing on the subjectivity of conceptualization and how it is reflected in grammar.
The articles show that conceptualization reflects the speaker's construal of the situation, and furthermore, that it is intersubjective because it reflects the speaker's understanding of the relations between the speech act participants. The papers deal with Finnish, utilizing the rich resources of Finnish grammar to contribute to issues in contemporary linguistics and in particular to Cognitive Grammar.
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1st person 2nd person a/the abstract adessive adpositions agent anaphoric anthropocentric argument be-passive beginning/end bidirectional constructions body-part names canonical clauses coding cognitive dominion cognitive linguistics conceptualization concrete construed context denoted described discourse discussion domain encoding entity essive Estonian event example experiencer external fictive motion Figure Finnic languages Finnish linguistics Finnish passive function genitive grammatical grammaticalization grams Helasvuo Hokkien human mentions human referents Huumo illustrated inessive interpretation involve Laitinen Langacker languages lexical locative expressions Lyle Campbell meaning mentions of humans metaphor metonymy Mikko Mixtec Mordvin nominative noun object Ojutkangas one’s open reference pää person form person plural personal pronouns personal reference polysemy postures and facial predicate S/he Santeri schematic Section semantic simple passive spatial relation speaker speech act participants Spoken Finnish static stimulus theme tion transfer Tzeltal University of Helsinki University of Turku verbal person marking vertical zero person zero subject zero-person constructions