Grammatical Proof of the Affinity of the Hungarian Language with Languages of Fennic Origin

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John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 1983 - Foreign Language Study - 327 pages
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Samuel Gyarmathi s "Affinitas linguae hungaricae cum linguis fennicae originis grammatice demonstrata" (Gottingen 1799) was received as a distinguished work of scholarship in its own days, and its historical importance has been fully recognized ever since. This volume provides an English translation of the entire Latin text, including the Latin glosses of the original (with the exception of zoological and botanical terms, and a few passages where specific reference is made to Latin grammar). This translation includes two additions to the text of "Affinitas" as reprinted in the Indiana University series: Appendix III, a letter to Gyarmathi by A. L. von Schotzler, and a number of notes in the author s own hand, found in his copy of the work (now held in the Library of the Lycee of Zal?u). The translator s Preface provides an introduction to the work and an overview of Gyarmathi s life.
 

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Contents

TRANSLATORS PREFACE
vii
GYARMATHI AND HIS AFFINITAS
xi
TO PAUL I MOST AUGUST AND SOVEREIGN AUTOCRAT OF ALL RUSSIA
xlv
TABLE OF CONTENTS
lvii
COMPARATIVE ORTHOGRAPHY OF HUNGARIAN AND RUSSIAN
lix
PART ONE AFFINITY OF THE LAPPS AND FINNS LANGUAGE
1
ON DECLENSION
7
ON COMPARATIVES
11
ON ADVERBS
111
ON SYNTAX
113
ESTONIAN PROVERBS AND RIDDLES
115
PART III OBSERVATIONS ON SEVEN LANGUAGES OF FENNIC ORIGIN WHICH ARE VOGUL VOTYAK CHUVASH CHEREMIS PERMIAN ...
139
ON CHERMIS POSSESSIVES
143
ON VERBS
144
ON PREPOSITIONS
149
VOCABULARY OF SEVEN LANGUAGES IN ADDITION TO LATIN AND HUNGARIAN
150

ON PRONOUNS
13
ON POSSESSIVES AND SUFFIXES
15
ON VERBS
17
PARADIGM OF THE LAPPS SUBSTANTIVE VERB
26
ON ADVERBS
30
ON PREPOSITIONS
31
PREPOSED FORMS
32
SYNTAX
33
ON THE SIMILARITY OF HUNGARIAN WORDS TO LAPP AND FINNISH WORDS
38
ORTHOGRAPHIES
44
WORDS WHICH SOUND LIKE HUNGARIAN WORDS BUT HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS
71
PART TWO GRAMMATICAL PROOF OF THE AFFINITY OF THE HUNGARIAN LANGUAGE WITH ESTONIAN
97
ON DIMINUTIVES
99
ON DECLENSION
100
ON COMPARISON
101
ON NUMERALS
102
ON VERBS
103
NUMERALS OF THE OSTYAKS AND THE HUNGARIANS
171
APPENDIX I CONTAINING A TATAR VOCABULARY
175
APPENDIX II WORDS ILLUSTRATING THE HUNGARIAN LANGUAGE
193
A COMPARATIVE VOCABULARY OF SLAVIC LANGUAGES
235
PREFACE
238
RUSSIANGERMANHUNGARIAN VOCABULARY
246
CZECHLATINHUNGARIAN COMPARATIVE VOCABULARY
279
POLISHGERMANHUNGARIANCÖMPARATIVE VOCABULARY
287
NAMES OF CERTAIN TOWNS RIVERS MANORS AND CITIES OF HUNGARY AND TRANSYLVANIA BORROWED FROM SLAVIC LANGU...
292
SUPPLEMENT TO THE LAPP VOCABULARY ON PAGES 6192 ABOVE
295
FINNISH SUPPLEMENT TO PAGES 61 SQ
303
APPENDIX III SCHLOZERS LETTER
307
NOTES
311
REFERENCES
317
INDEX NOMINUM
325
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