Grammatical Relations in a Radical Creole: Verb Complementation in Saramaccan
With English and Portuguese as parent languages; the significant lexical retention of African languages; and the relative isolation of its speakers, Saramaccan has always stood out among Creole languages. Yet despite its obvious interest Saramaccan received little in the way of scholarly study. This groundbraking monograph dispels the mystery surrounding Saramaccan and provides strong evidence for a new approach to Creole origins. The study is carried out within the government-binding framework. The author shows how Saramaccan comes close to demonstrating what constitues the irreducible minimum of building blocks with which a language can be constructed, and the types of structure which must develop under such conditions. In this work Frank Byrne combines the outcome of patient and persevering fieldwork with a firm grasp of current theoretical issues and provides us with the insights into the nature of universal grammar of which a Creole like Saramaccan is potentially capable.
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THE ISSUES THE MODEL AND THE DATA
SURINAME THE SARAMAKA AND SARAMACCAN
ASPECTS OF THE SYNTAX OF SARAMACCAN
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8-marked appear aspect marker bái base-generated Benefactive Bickerton bigi c-commands Case-marking Chapter child Chomsky coindexed COMP node COMP position complements constituents creole languages creolization D-structure dágu Dative déé Derek Bickerton di mii di wómi discussed dislocation EC subject English fanôndu féfi finite clauses fótó go/come gó/kó grammar INFL INSTR kéiki Kófi lexical loc the church loc-where lúku matrix mátu modal Molion môon movement mujée musu náki nján overt tense Paramaribo pásá pattern pidgin pingó plantations preceding predicate adjectives preposition pro-drop languages pronominal pronoun properly governed quasi-modal fu S-initial position Samo Saramaccan Saramaka sembe sentential serial verbs shoot the pig slaves speakers Sranan structure subcategorize subject position subordinate clauses superstrate Suriname súti syntactic táa táki tion tsá ungrammatical universal grammar verb copy verbal Voorhoeve wáka walk wh-movement woman wómi wôsu