Graphics for architecture
Graphics for Architecture Kevin Forseth with David Vaughan A thorough understanding of design drawing enhances the designer's ability to reason out difficult graphic constructions and to select or create appropriate means for depicting buildings and environments. This fully illustrated guide presents the most effective methods for mechanically constructing architectural plans, elevations, sections, paralines, perspectives, and shadows. All methods are described in basic principles of perspective geometry. Throughout the volume many pictorial drawings illuminate the connection between step-by-step procedures for constructing design drawings and the abstract concepts underlying orthographic, oblique, and perspective projections. For formulating graphics work-book problems around paraline construction the guide includes a notation system for describing an unlimited range of paraline-oblique drawings. A shortcut method for casting shadows in plan and elevation is useful for modeling shadows in architectural site plans and for obtaining fast design results. In addition there are eight different step-by-step procedures for setting up and constructing one and two-point perspective. Common-method perspectives are presented in the context of a drafting-board surface, and perspectives without plan are discussed as interiors, exteriors, and sections. Combining carefully organized learning sequences with the quick reference qualities of a handbook, this volume is an excellent reference source for the architectural office or studio as well as an easy-to-follow manual for students.
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actual and bearing actual rays adjacent view Auxiliary view axonometric basic bearing direction bearing rays block building edges building's Cast the shadow casting shadows circle common-method perspective cube cut rays cutting-plane method depicted design drawings diagonal dimetric Dimetric projection direction of sunlight distance drawn edge image eleva elevation or section elevation view field of vision find the shadow floor plan fold line ground line height horizon line intersect the picture isometric isometric projection light rays line of intersection magic method object Oblique projection orthographic projection paraline perspective depths perspective drawing picture frame picture plane plan and elevation plan or elevation plan view point of intersection projector rays receding lines setup shadow box shadow constructions shadow plane shape sloping spective station point sun's surface tion transfer transmetric transoblique triangle true length image two-point vanishing point vertical edges vertical line viewer vpL and vpR VvpD wall