Graphics for architecture
Graphics for Architecture Kevin Forseth with David Vaughan A thorough understanding of design drawing enhances the designer's ability to reason out difficult graphic constructions and to select or create appropriate means for depicting buildings and environments. This fully illustrated guide presents the most effective methods for mechanically constructing architectural plans, elevations, sections, paralines, perspectives, and shadows. All methods are described in basic principles of perspective geometry. Throughout the volume many pictorial drawings illuminate the connection between step-by-step procedures for constructing design drawings and the abstract concepts underlying orthographic, oblique, and perspective projections. For formulating graphics work-book problems around paraline construction the guide includes a notation system for describing an unlimited range of paraline-oblique drawings. A shortcut method for casting shadows in plan and elevation is useful for modeling shadows in architectural site plans and for obtaining fast design results. In addition there are eight different step-by-step procedures for setting up and constructing one and two-point perspective. Common-method perspectives are presented in the context of a drafting-board surface, and perspectives without plan are discussed as interiors, exteriors, and sections. Combining carefully organized learning sequences with the quick reference qualities of a handbook, this volume is an excellent reference source for the architectural office or studio as well as an easy-to-follow manual for students.
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actual ray adjacent view angle Auxiliary view axonometric basic bearing direction bearing rays building edges building's Cast the shadow casting shadows circle Contour lines cube cut rays cutting plane cutting-plane method depicted design drawings diagonal dihedral angle dimetric Dimetric Projection distance drawn edge image eleva elevation or section elevation view find the shadow floor plan fold line frontal given plane grid ground line height horizon line inclined view isometric projection light rays line of intersection located measuring lines nonaxial lines Oblique projection oriented parallel orthographic projection perspective depths perspective drawing picture frame plan and elevation plan or elevation plan view point of intersection profile picture planes projector rays receding lines resulting image roof plane scale scale ratio setup shadow box sloping station point sun's surface three-dimensional tion transfer transmetric transoblique true length image true size image two-point vanishing point vertical edges vertical line wall