Gravitation and Experiment: Poincaré Seminar 2006
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 16, 2007 - Science - 138 pages
This book is the sixth in a series of lectures of the S ́ eminaire Poincar ́ e,whichis directed towards a large audience of physicists and of mathematicians. The goal of this seminar is to provide up-to-date information about general topics of great interest in physics. Both the theoretical and experimental aspects are covered, with some historical background. Inspired by the Bourbaki seminar in mathematics in its organization, hence nicknamed “Bourbaphi”, the Poincar ́ e Seminar is held twice a year at the Institut Henri Poincar ́ e in Paris, with cont- butions prepared in advance. Particular care is devoted to the pedagogical nature of the presentations so as to ful?ll the goal of being readable by a large audience of scientists. This volume contains the ninth such Seminar, held in 2006. It is devoted to Relativity and Experiment. This book starts with a detailed introduction to general relativity by T. Damour. It includes a review of what may lie beyond by string theorist I. - toniadis, and collects up-to-date essays on the experimental tests of this theory. General relativity is now a theory well con?rmed by detailed experiments, incl- ing the precise timing of the double pulsar J0737-3039 explained by M. Kramer, member of the team which discovered it in 2003, and satellite missions such as Gravity Probe B described by J. Mester. The search for detecting gravitational waves is also very much under way as reviewed by J.Y. Vinet. Wehopethatthecontinuedpublicationofthisserieswillservethecommunity of physicists and mathematicians at professional or graduate student level.
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amplitude Antoniadis aµn binary pulsars binary system black hole brane cavity closed string components coordinates corresponding coupling Damour detection dilaton distance double pulsar effect Einstein Einstein’s equations electromagnetic emission emitted energy extra dimensions Figure frequency geodetic precession geometry gravitational field gravitational waves graviton Gravity Probe gyro gyroscope inertial Keplerian laser limit LISA magnetic magnetosphere mass massless measured metric millisecond pulsars mirrors motion neutron stars Newton’s Newtonian noise observed obtained optical orbital phase oscillators p-brane particles periastron Phys physics PK parameters Planck Planck mass plane Poincaré Seminar precision predictions propagation pulse quantum theory radio readout reference frame relativistic resonance result rotation scale Shapiro delay signal space space-time spacecraft special relativity spin string theory structure supergravity supersymmetry tensor tests theories of gravity thermal Thibault Damour TOAs transverse virtual particles ηµν