The Great American University: Its Rise to Preeminence, Its Indispensable National Role, why it Must be Protected

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PublicAffairs, Jan 12, 2010 - History - 616 pages
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Although America's universities have become the envy of the world for their creative energy and their production of transformative knowledge, few understand how and why they have become preeminent. This groundbreaking book traces the origins and the evolution of our great universities. It shows how they grew out of sleepy colleges at the turn of the twentieth century into powerful institutions that continue to generate new industries and advance our standard of living. Far from inevitable, this transformation was enabled by a highly competitive system that invested public tax dollars in university research and students while granting universities substantial autonomy.

Today, America's universities face considerable threats. Even greater than foreign competition are the threats from within the United States. Under the Bush administration, government increasingly imposed ideological constraints on the freedom of academic inquiry. Restrictive visa policies instituted after 9/11 continue to discourage talented foreign graduate students from training in the United States. The international financial crisis, which has depleted university endowments and state investments in higher education, threatens the vitality of some of our greatest institutions of higher learning. In order to sustain and enhance the American tradition of excellence, we must nurture this powerful--yet underappreciated--national resource.

 

 

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Compilation of Evolution,THE 2013 science feat, and humanity's god/science
אבולוציה היא תולדת כח המשיכה
כל כמות החומר ביקום קבועה מאז החל היקום להשתחזר בפעם האחרונה, מאז ה"אחדיות"האחרונה שלו, מאז גרעין הלידה האחרון של היקום טרום המפץ הגדול האחרון.
כל תחומי המדע ("דיסציפלינות") נובעים מן, מתחילים ונגמרים, מתפתחים ונמשכים בהכוונת ובמסגרת כח המשיכה. הכל בכל מכל כל ביקום הוא עקב כח המשיכה.
כל תצורת חומר ביקום קיימת, בגלל וכמו היקום עצמו, בשני מצבים: במצב אינרטי כגון החומר (כנראה הגרוויטונים, החלקיקים היסודיים של היקום) המאוחסן בחורים השחורים ו/או במצב אנרגטי, בתנועה,המסוגל לכן לבצע עבודה. בגלל שניות זו של חומר-אנרגיה קבועה ביקום גם כל כמות האנרגיה.
מאז המפץ הגדול האחרון מתחולל בכל תצורות החומר ביקום אותו תהליך החוזר ונשנה אשר מתחולל במכלול היקום עצמו : לידה-התפתחות-הישרדות-שיחזור עצמי . על מנת לשרוד ולעבור את כל התהליך חייבת כל תצורת חומר להישמר במתכונת אנרגטית. היות וכמות החומר/אנרגיה ביקום קבועה מתחרות ביניהן כל תצורות החומר על השגת חומר/אנרגיה כי כל תצורת חומר שורדת, פעילה, רק אם הצליחה "לבלוע" אנרגיה. אם אינה "מצליחה" להשיג אנרגיה היא נבלעת ע"י תצורת חומר אחרת ומשמשת לה אנרגיה. אכול או היאכל.
Evolution Derives From Gravity
The quantity of mass in the universe is constant since the universe started its last self-replication, since its last singularity, its last pre-big bang re-birth conception.
All Science Disciplines derive from, start and end, evolve and survive in the direction and manner set by the framework of gravity, the monotheism of the universe. All things, everything in the universe, derive from the gravity of the universe. Every mass format exists, like the universe itself, in one of two states: in an inert state like the material (most probably the gravitons, the elementary particles of the universe) stored in black holes, and in an energetic state, in motion therefore capable of performing work. Due to this mass-energy dualism also the quantity of energy in the universe is constant.
Since the last big-bang all mass formats undergo the same cyclic sequence like the universe itself i.e. birth – evolution – survival – replication. In order to survive and to repeat this sequence every mass format must remain in an energetic state. And since the universe mass/energy quantity is constant there is a melee for it by all mass formats, and the unlucky formats are swallowed and digested by the luckier mass formats.
It’s indeed, in fact, an eat or be eaten universe…
Dov Henis (comments from 22nd century)
http://universe-life.com/
http://universe-life.com/2011/07/13/greed-cancer-cells-follow-laws-of-evolution/
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THE GREAT science feat in 2013 על מהות ומקור היקום
The 2013 gravity comprehension/definition is the greatest science feat since the early 1920s.
Learn what, scientifically, natural gravity is and what evolution is.
Think of the consequences re classical science of this comprehension of gravity…
איך נברא היקום יש מאין
Origin And Nature of the Universe, the greatest science feat since the early 1920s.
New Science 2013 versus classical science.
Classical Science Is
 

Contents

Introduction
1
THE RISE TO PREEMINENCE
9
DISCOVERIES THAT ALTER OUR LIVES
191
FACING CHALLENGES AND LOOKING FORWARD
343
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About the author (2010)

Jonathan R. Cole is widely known throughout the United States for his fourteen years (1989-2003) as Columbia’s provost and dean of faculties, holding the position as the university’s chief academic officer for the second-longest tenure in its 254-year history. He is currently the John Mitchell Mason Professor at Columbia University.

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