Great Lakes Initiative: EPA Needs to Better Ensure the Complete and Consistent Implementation of Water Quality Standards
DIANE Publishing, 2005 - 51 pages
The virtual elimination of toxic pollutants in the Great Lakes is a goal shared by the U.S. & Canada. While some progress has been made, pollution levels remain unacceptably high. The Great Lakes Initiative (GLI) requires stringent water quality standards for many pollutants in discharges regulated by states administering the Nat. Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit programs. This report examines the: (1) GLI's focus & potential impact on water quality in the Great Lakes Basin; (2) status of GLI's adoption by the states & any challenges to achieving intended goals; & (3) steps taken by the EPA for ensuring full & consistent implementation of GLI & for assessing progress toward achieving its goals. Charts, tables & maps.
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according to EPA achieving GLI's goals approach aquatic life criteria assess bioaccumulative biosolids Clean Water Act Clearinghouse compliance schedules consistent implementation consistent water quality controlling point sources Critical Programs Act database developing dioxin disapproved discharge level discharge limits effluent limits efforts eight Great Lakes ensure EPA believes EPA officials EPA Region EPA's established facilities flexible implementation procedures full and consistent GLI provisions GLI's impact GLWQA Government Accountability Office guidance Honorable human health inconsistent issuing a mercury Lakes Basin Lakes Critical Programs Lakes Initiative Lindane mercury permitting strategy Michigan Minnesota mirex mixing zones monitoring ng/L nonpoint sources NPDES program Ohio overall water quality PCBs permit limits point source discharges point source pollution polychlorinated biphenyls progress toward achieving provisions Region 5 officials result sources of pollution stringent TMDL toxic pollutants variances virtual elimination water quality criteria water quality standards WET reasonable potential wildlife Wisconsin
Page 3 - January 2005 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. A more detailed discussion of our scope and methodology appears in appendix I. RESULTS IN BRIEF...
Page 9 - Individual homes that are connected to a municipal system, use a septic system, or do not have a surface discharge do not need an NPDES permit; however, industrial, municipal, and other facilities must obtain permits if their discharges go directly to surface waters. In most cases, the NPDES permit program is administered by authorized states.
Page 44 - Stephenson follows:] PREPARED STATEMENT OF JOHN B. STEPHENSON, DIRECTOR, NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT, US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee...
Page 36 - Basin that can be used to measure overall restoration progress and (2) require that these indicators be used to evaluate, prioritize, and make funding decisions on the merits of alternative restoration projects. Agency Comments GAO provided EPA with a draft of this report for its review and comment. The agency generally agreed with the findings and recommendations in the report. EPA provided written comments; the full text of which is included in appendix V. EPA stated that significant accomplishments...
Page 7 - ... Implementation of Annex 10 concerning hazardous polluting substances. The Parties shall further consult from time to time for the purpose of revising the list of hazardous polluting substances and of identifying harmful quantities of these substances. (k) Persistent Toxic Substances. Measures for the control of inputs of persistent toxic substances including control programs for their production, use, distribution and disposal, in accordance with Annex 12. (1) Airborne Pollutants. Programs to...
Page 8 - The purpose of this program, which started in 1997, is to reduce and eliminate persistent toxic substances, especially those that bioaccumulate, in the Great Lakes.
Page 1 - The United States and Canada recognize the Great Lakes — the largest system of freshwater in the world — as a natural resource that is threatened on many environmental fronts. To protect this resource and to address common water quality problems, the two countries entered into the bilateral Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement in 1972 and last revised it in 1987.
Page 9 - Clean Water Act, the NPDES permit program controls water pollution by regulating point sources that discharge pollutants into waters of the United States.
Page 33 - EPA Should Take Further Steps to Address Funding Shortfalls and Time Slippages in Permit Compliance System Modernization Effort, EPA, OIG Rpt.