Greek and Roman Architecture
Trustees of the British Museum, Jan 1, 1995 - Architecture, Classical - 128 pages
To the classical world, architecture meant much more than the mere construction of buildings. It embodied notions of order, proportion and symmetry, and from the earliest times the aesthetic quality, architecture as an art, had priority. These elements continued in European architecture from the earliest Greek and Roman buildings, through various stages of evolution and transformation, into medieval and Renaissance times, and still make a contribution to the architectural debate of the present day.
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The Origins of Classical Architecture
Houses Theatres and Halls
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Acropolis agora Alexandria arcaded arches architects architectural concepts arrangement Artemis ashlar Asia Minor Aspendos Athenian Athens auditorium Augustus Baalbek bath buildings blocks Bronze Age built capital carved decoration cella centre circular classical architecture classical orders colonnades concrete construction courtyard dedicated developed Doric columns Doric order early East Greek embellishment emperor enclosed entablature Ephesos example excavated facade fifth century fourth century frieze front Greece Greek architecture Greek cities Greek temples grid plan half columns harbour Hellenistic period houses Ionic Ionic temples island Italy large number later limestone Macedon Macedonian mainland marble metopes Miletos mortared original ornate palaces Parthenon particularly Pella Perachora Pergamon Perge Philetairos podium porch presumably probably Propylaia provinces rectangular Roman architecture Rome roof rooms sanctuary second century BC Seleukid side space stage building stoa stone storey structure style survives terrace terracotta theatre third century timber tomb town traditional triglyphs vaulted volutes walls wooden Zeus