Greek science after Aristotle, Volume 1973, Part 2
Although there is no exct equivalent to our term "science" in Greek, Western science may still be said to originate with the Greeks. In this volume, the author discusses the fundamental Greek contributions to science, drawing on the rich literary and archaeological sources for the period after Aristotle. Particular attention is paid to the Greeks' conceptions of the inquiries they were engaged on, and to the interrelations of science and philosophy, science and religion, and science and technology. In the first part of the book the author considers the two hundred years after the death of Aristotle, devoting separate chapters to mathematics, astronomy, and biology. He goes on to deal with Ptolemy and Galen and concludes with a discussion of later writers and of the problems raised by the question of the decline of ancient science.
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Alexandria Almagest Anatomical Procedures ancient science angle animals antiquity Apollonius Apollonius of Perga applied Archimedes arguments Aristarchus Aristarchus of Samos Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's arteries astronomical atoms blood causes centre deferent circle demonstrate describes diameter dissection doctors doctrine earlier Early Greek Science earth eccentric elements Epicureans Epicurus epicycle Erasistratus Eratosthenes Euclid Euclid's Elements Eudoxus evidence example explain fixed stars fourth century Galen geometry heart heavenly bodies Hellenistic Herophilus Hipparchus hypotheses idea important inquiry concerning nature investigation knowledge mathematicians mathematics mechanical medicine method moon motion movements moves round objects observations passage Pergamum phenomena Philoponus philosophy physical planets Plato Plutarch pneuma postulates practical principles problems Proclus propositions Ptolemy Ptolemy's Pythocles rejected scientific scientists second century a.d. Simplicius sphere Stoics Strato T. L. Heath Theophrastus theoretical things third century tion treatise valve ventricle Vitruvius vivisections weight writers