Greening Taxes: The Dutch Model : Ten Years of Experience and the Remaining Challenge
Kluwer Law International, Jan 1, 1998 - Business & Economics - 181 pages
Fiscal incentives can encourage firms to invest in environmentally better technologies and households to adopt environmentally responsible behaviours. These are some of the possibilities embraced by the concept of greening taxes. 'Greening taxes' refers to any use of environmental taxes to further sustainable economic development. Greening Taxes: The Dutch Model provides an overview of the Netherlands' policies aimed at incorporating environmental elements into the tax system and of the analyses carried out for that purpose. The Netherlands has already done a great deal to green the tax system. New proposals formulated in the White Paper 'taxes in the 21st Century' will make the Netherlands' tax system even greener still. The authors of this book have made important contributions to green tax policies in the Netherlands. Their unique account of Dutch experiences with greening taxes will inform fiscal environmental policies elsewhere in the world, making this a must-read work for policymakers and others interested in the practical furtherance of environmental objectives.
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History of Dutch environmental taxes 17
5 Promoting sustainable transport 48
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5oo million additional amount annual vehicle tax average bicycle calculations carpool cars commuting costs cpb Netherlands diesel Dutch Green Tax economic ecotaxes electricity emissions employers energy consumption energy investment tax energy prices energy saving Environment List environmental benefits environmental effects environmental investments environmental policy environmental taxes excise rate exemption farmers Finance fiscal forestry free depreciation fuel tax green investment green investment scheme green projects Green Tax Commission groundwater tax guilders heat households income effects income tax increase industry investment tax credit kton landfill megatons million m3 Mton natural gas Netherlands o.o o.o organic farming Parliament pesticides positive incentives proposed public transport raise recommendations recycling reduced regulatory energy tax result ronmental scenario scheme second report sector shift Table Tax Act tax burden tax rate tax revenue tax system tax variant teleworking third report vat rate waste tax wind power