Born and educated in Germany, Walter Gropius (1883-1969) belongs to the select group of architects that massively influenced the international development of modern architecture. As the founding director of the Bauhaus, Gropius made inestimable contributions to his field, to the point that knowing his work is crucial to understanding Modernism. His early buildings, such Fagus Boot-Last Factory and the Bauhaus Building in Dessau, with their use of glass and industrial features, are still indispensable points of reference. After his emigration to the United States, he influenced the education of architects there and became, along with Mies van der Rohe, a leading proponent of the International Style.
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Adolf Meyer aesthetic Alfeld Arbeitsrat für Kunst architectural office archives artistic auditorium Auerbach Residence Bauhaus Building Bauhaus Masters Bauhaus member Baukasten im Großen became Behrens Berlin brick Bruno Taut building project building segments built Chicago Tribune Tower clearly commissioned competition concept concrete corners created Cvijanovic Dammerstock department of architecture Dessau developed director elements Employment Office ensemble established exhibition Expressionist façade Fagus Factory flat-roofed Floor plan Fred Forbát functional Germany glass glazed Graduate Center Hannes Meyer Hans Scharoun Harvard high-rise Hinnerk important impression industrial Interbau Ise Gropius Isometric projection Kapp Putsch László Moholy-Nagy left the Bauhaus living room located Ludwig Mies Lyonel Feininger Marcel Breuer Massachusetts metal Moholy-Nagy National Socialists Neufert Opposite Oskar Schlemmer Prellerhaus renovations ribbon windows Rohe Scheper semi-detached house shed roofs Sommerfeld Residence space stage structure studio terrace theatre Törten Housing Estate walls Walter Gropius Wassily Kandinsky Weimar Werkbund