Ground-up City: Play as a Design Tool
With Ground-Up City, author Liane Lefaivre has developed a theoretical model for tackling playgrounds as an urban strategy. She starts with a historical overview of play and the ludic in art, architecture and urban design, focusing particularly on postwar playgrounds realized in Amsterdam as joint ventures between Aldo van Eyck, Cornelis van Eesteren and Jakoba Mulder. The architecture firm Döll-Atelier voor Bouwkunst explored the possibility of applying the model in two urban redevelopment areas in Rotterdam, Oude Westen in the inner city and Meeuwenplaat in Hoogvliet, an outlying postwar district, refining it into a practical design strategy. The second part of the book provides a refreshing new look at play in a picture essay, with reference images illustrating play as an urban phenomenon. Ground-Up Cityplaces the playground high on the agenda as an urban design challenge. It also shows how specifying a generic, academic model for a particular situation can lead to a practically applicable design resource.
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adults Aldo van Eyck Alexander Tzonis Amsterdam playgrounds approach architects architectural artists blocks bottom-up building cars Cedric Price child children’s play CIAM city of Amsterdam context Cornelis van Eesteren created Dan Graham deﬁne design strategy design tool Dutch environment Erwin Wurm Eyck’s ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂower Frankendaal function green Hoogvliet houses idea in-between inﬂuence inner courts interstitial space Isamu Noguchi Jacoba Mulder Jane Jacobs landscape layout Le Corbusier Liane Lefaivre live locations Ludwig Hilberseimer meeting places Meeuwenplaat Municipal Archives neighbourhood network of play ofﬁce Oude Maas Oude Westen Paris park Participation participatory PIP model play areas play behaviour play culture play network play objects play potential play space playful playground design playing equipment polycentric post-war Amsterdam public space realized reﬂect residents Rotterdam sculpture social spatial speciﬁc Stedelijk Museum streets strip structure theme layer things top-down trafﬁc urban design urban fabric