Guide to Insect Borers in North American Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1995 - Borers (Insects) - 735 pages
This manual describes 300 species of insect borers that attach hardwood trees, shrubs, and other woody angiosperms in North America and provides information for controlling them.
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abdomen Adults emerge Agrilus ambrosia ambrosia beetle antennae attack bark crevices Beal and Massey Beede Biology branches Beetle brown head buds California cambium Carpenterworm Cerambycidae clearwing cocoons Coleoptera Control Craighead 1923 cylindrical dark brown Description diameter egg galleries egg niches Eichlin elongate elytra Engelhardt 1946 entrance holes exit holes flatheaded flattened Forewings frass galls girdled hatch hickory Hosts Hovore infested trees Injury and damage insect insecticides Knull large branches Borer larvae larvae bore larvae feed larval galleries Linsley long figure longhorn beetle males maple Mature larvae moth numbers oval overwinter oviposit ovipositor parasites pecan pest petioles phloem plants poplar pronotum prothorax pubescence punctures Pupa pupate Pupation occurs Range reddish brown roundheaded Saperda sapwood sawfly segments shoots slightly Slingerland small branches Solomon species specimens courtesy stems surface thorax Trunk twigs U.S. Department USDA FS usually willow wingspan wood Woodpeckers xylem yellow yellowish Young larvae