Guidelines for Vapor Cloud Explosion, Pressure Vessel Burst, BLEVE and Flash Fire Hazards

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John Wiley & Sons, Dec 1, 2011 - Technology & Engineering - 456 pages
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This guide provides an overview of methods for estimating the characteristics of vapor cloud explosions, flash fires, and boiling-liquid-expanding-vapor explosions (BLEVEs) for practicing engineers. It has been updated to include advanced modeling technology, especially with respect to vapor cloud modeling and the use of computational fluid dynamics. The text also reviews past experimental and theoretical research and methods to estimate consequences. Heavily illustrated with photos, charts, tables, and diagrams, this manual is an essential tool for safety, insurance, regulatory, and engineering students and professionals.

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Case Histories
Basic Concepts
Flash Fires
Vapor Cloud Explosions
49 CAMS pressure decay as a function of distance BQ+rRQ for
50 BFETS FLACS model and target distribution
57 Plot plan of Nypro Ltd plant at Flixborough
Pressure Vessel Bursts
2 Pressure contours of a blast field for a cylindrical burst X and
7 Negative pressure curves for various vessel pressures
10 Adjustment factors for cylindrical free air PVBs compared to
13 Fragment velocity versus scaled pressure Baker 1983
Basic Principles of BLEVEs
View Factors for Selected
Tabulation of Some Gas Properties

1 Pressuretime history of a blast Wave from a PVB lEsparza

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About the author (2011)

Since 1985, the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) has been the world leader in developing and disseminating information on process safety management and technology. CCPS, an industry technology alliance of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), has published over 80 books in its process safety guidelines and process safety concepts series, and over 100 training modules through its Safety in Chemical Engineering Education (SACHE) series.

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