Guidelines for laboratory design: health and safety considerations
Health and safety are complicated and often neglected issues in laboratory design. Since the successful publication in 1987 of the first edition of Guidelines for Laboratory Design: Health and Safety Considerations, many new issues involved in cost-effective design of new laboratories or in the renovation of existing facilities need to be dealt with. For laboratory owners and managers, architects, engineers, health and safety personnel, and risk managers, this new edition provides a systematic approach to examining the occupational health and safety factors that have a direct bearing on those who work in science and engineering laboratories. The book begins by presenting you with the common elements of laboratory design, looking squarely at building and laboratory considerations - you'll learn what sort of materials are used, what types of operations occur within the site, and the health and safety issues related to the entire laboratory building. In addition to all the various laboratories discussed in the first edition, ranging from the general chemistry laboratory to the physics laboratory to the biosafety laboratory, two new types of laboratories are presented. The microelectronics laboratory is included which is an extension of the chapter on clean rooms that addresses clean room operations where extremely hazardous materials are used. A chapter on print-making laboratories is included where such activities as lithography, screen printing and intaglio and relief processes are carried out. The chapter on the teaching laboratory has been expanded to reflect the trend toward microscale techniques and the resultant design considerations. A new part has been added to this edition whichdiscusses the support services needed for laboratory operations. These include photographic darkrooms, support rooms for such activities as glass blowing, metal working and wood working and rooms to handle chemical, biological, and radiation waste. And finally, to complete this up-to-date coverage, a new section has been added that covers the latest trends in building and laboratory layouts as well as heating, ventilating and air conditioning which are all discussed and expanded beyond the coverage in the first edition. In particular, a new chapter on variable air volume systems has been included to discuss the advantages and disadvantages in this emerging field. Written by a diverse group of six health and safety experts, this book offers state-of-the-art design information guaranteed to be of invaluable assistance to see you through all phases of any laboratory design project.
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acid activities addition air supply air volume airflow alarm ASHRAE autoclave auxiliary air benches biological safety cabinets biosafety biosafety level Chapter chemical fume hood clean room laboratory construction contained cooling corridor dampers darkroom devices doors electrical emergency equipment exhaust air exhaust ducts exhaust systems exhaust ventilation exit eyewash face velocity facilities fire flammable floor formaldehyde gas cylinders gases Gatwood handling hazardous health and safety heat HEPA filters HR HR HR humidity INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE installed labora laboratory building Laboratory Design LABORATORY LAYOUT laboratory unit located maintain materials Microscale Chemistry minimum module morgue needed NFPA operations OSHA perchloric acid personnel piping pressure printmaking protection quantities radioactive radioactive waste recommended requirements RP RP RP Section shower solvent space specific standard storage cabinets studio supply air teaching laboratories temperature tion toxic unassigned valve variable air volume wall waste zone