H-1B Foreign Workers: Better Controls Needed to Help Employers and Protect Workers
DIANE Publishing, Feb 1, 2000 - 60 pages
The number of foreign workers legally authorized to enter the U.S. annually through the H-1B program has increased substantially. Some believe the limit should be raised even further to address workforce needs, such as for information technology (IT) workers. Others question whether enough is being done to increase the skills of American workers so they can fill these vacancies. This report provides information on: the jobs that H-1B workers are performing in the U.S. & the characteristics of those workers; the adequacy of the H-1B visa program's implementation & enforcement; & efforts underway to improve IT skills in the American workforce. Tables.
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ACWIA American workers approved for H-1B assess the merit case-specific information Comments Computer Research Association Congress consular officers decisions Department of Labor Director Education efforts employment enforcement authority fiscal year 1999 FLSA funds Grants Awarded H-1B petitions H-1B program H-1B visa program H-1B workers H-IB help adjudicators Helps Employers Immigration and Naturalization implementation Improve IT Skills increase the number information technology investigations IT-related occupations KPMG labor condition application Labor's review Labor's Technical Skill Laguna Niguel LCA review million National Science Foundation Naturalization Service number of visas percent performance appraisal systems permanent residency Pima County potential prevailing wage processing program noncompliance quantity of reviews recommendation review and performance reviewing petitions scholarships service center skill shortages specialty occupations staff standard operating procedure Technical Skill Grants U.S. workers upgrade visa fraud worker for permanent worker protection laws workers approved Workforce Investment workload
Page 9 - ... the actual wage level paid by the employer to all other individuals with similar experience and qualifications for the specific employment in question...
Page 47 - IB program than under the other worker protections laws (even other parts of the INA) which it is responsible for enforcing. We do not believe this to be the case. Wage and Hour has unrestricted enforcement authority that affects similar classes of workers - for example, under the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Employee Polygraph Protection Act. Even under the Fair Labor Standards Act, the majority - about 70 percent - of enforcement actions are complaint-based and most typically involve issues...
Page 54 - General Accounting Office Washington, DC 20548 Dear Ms. Shaul: Thank you for the opportunity to comment on the second draft of GAO 's report entitled "GENDER EQUITY: Men's and Women's Participation in Higher Education," which you provided in a letter to Secretary of Education Richard W.
Page 3 - Accountability * Integrity * Reliability United States General Accounting Office Health, Education, and Washington, DC 20548 Human Services Division B-284751 September 28, 2000 The Honorable Charles E.
Page 12 - Information Technology: Assessment of the Department of Commerce's Report on Workforce Demand and Supply, GAO/HEHS 98 106R.
Page 5 - INS' program administration leave the program vulnerable to abuse. Delays and administrative problems have also led to inefficient service for employers using the program. Under the law, in certifying employers' initial requests for H-1B workers, Labor is limited to ensuring that the employer's application form has no obvious errors or omissions. It does not have the authority to verify whether information provided by employers on labor conditions, such as wages to be paid, is correct. Moreover,...
Page 6 - Act (PL. 105-277, Title IV) (ACWIA), which increased the limit to 115,000 for fiscal years 1999 and 2000, and 107,500 for fiscal year 2001. The limit is scheduled to revert to 65,000 in fiscal year 2002. The number of visas approved did not reach the annual limit until fiscal year 1997 (see fig. 1), and...
Page 5 - Labor's limited legal authority to enforce the program's requirements and weaknesses in INS' program administration leave the program vulnerable to abuse. Delays and administrative problems have also led to inefficient service for employers using the program. Under the law, in certifying employers' initial requests for H-1B workers, Labor is limited to ensuring that the employer's application form has no obvious errors or omissions. It does not have the authority to verify whether information provided...
Page 5 - ... access to specific, case-related information that would help them assess the merit of employers, requests, which can also lead to inconsistent or incorrect approvals of requests. Because existing supervisory review and performance appraisal systems for INS staff reviewing petitions are based largely on the number of requests processed, rather than the quality of the review, staff can be rewarded for timely handling of petitions rather than for careful scrutiny of petitions, merits.