Habitual Entrepreneurship: Empirical Analysis of the Population and Characteristics of Serial and Portfolio Entrepreneurs in Germany
Diploma Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1.3, European Business School - International University Schloß Reichartshausen Oestrich-Winkel, language: English, abstract: Despite its apparent economic importance and increasing scientific devotion, the field of entrepreneurship within the area of business sciences is quite young. However, in the last decades research in the respective areas has grown rapidly, meanwhile providing a considerable and presentable coverage of different topics and areas, having brought forward several theories and concepts. Nevertheless, there are still many blank fields left which urge for exploration. For example, politicians cannot foster entrepreneurship in the most efficient way, as there is no general agreement which group of entrepreneurs or type of ventures are the most welfare gaining ones. Also, neither is it clear yet which entrepreneurial abilities are the most important ones, nor how they can be acquired or conveyed. Generally, acknowledged scholars as Shane/Venkataraman (2000) postulate to focus the research on the actual core of entrepreneurship, the entrepreneur himself. In accordance with this point, several authors further have agreed on focusing on multiple founders, so-called habitual entrepreneurs, supposably providing the best insights and the most valuable information about the field of entrepreneurship. As one of the precursors to this idea, MacMillan expressed that researching anything else than habitual entrepreneurs actually leads to misleading results and besides, in any other research area, it is always the professionals and/or power users acting as the research objects. More recently, Sarasvathy introduced a further extension of the concept: entrepreneurial re-search should shift its focus from the singular relation between one firm and the entrepreneur to a multilateral one. Thus, the firms are to be considered instruments of the entrepreneur who is the actual research object of the present study. Hence, the aim of this explorative study is to reduce the gaps in the research area of entrepreneurship, allowing for the above-mentioned concepts. This is accomplished by firstly providing another step into the direction of a comprehensive and widely accepted typology. Secondly, a thorough literature review of the actual state of research is provided. Thirdly, an empirical analysis will help to improve the general understanding of entrepreneurship as well as habitual entrepreneurs in Germany. The actual research perspective is three-fold, shedding light on the population and characteristics as well as performance of German habitual entrepreneuars and their ventures.
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actual Additionally anova analysis appendix applied average Business Venturing characteristics classification variable Compilation concept considered definition derived different types empirical analysis Employees per Company entrepreneurial activities entrepreneurial experience entrepreneurs in Germany entrepreneurs row explanatory power fallen entrepreneurs Figure Firstly framework gender habitual entrepre habitual entrepreneurship habitual founders highest academic degree hybrid portfolio entrepreneurs hybrid serial entrepreneurs hybrid types identified illustrated independent variables inexperienced entrepreneurs Kurtosis Mean Comparison Model neurs number of employees number of ventures operationalised ordinal variable Overview participant performance of habitual population of habitual portfolio founders preneurs present study pure portfolio entrepreneurs pure types questionnaire realised gain regarding regression analysis sample scope serial and portfolio serial founders Source SPSS starting age Table total gain transient novice entrepreneurs types of entrepreneurs typology Ucbasaran Ucbasaran et al venture performance ventures undertaken welfare gain Westhead Westhead et al Westhead/Wright 1998b whereas XING