Haider, Jelinek, and the Austrian Culture Wars
Austria, a small country that was once part of a great empire, rarely makes an appearance in the US media. In the past few decades, only Kurt Waldheim (1918-2007), the former Secretary General of the UN accused of war crimes, Jörg Haider (1950-2008), the populist politician associated with the rise of the far right, and Elfriede Jelinek (1946-), who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2004, have been deemed worthy of more than fleeting attention. The Haider-Jelinek confrontation was one of the significant manifestations of the search for national identity in postwar Austria. The culture wars that have raged in the country since the 1980s revolve around a fundamental question: Should the country's role in the Third Reich be dismissed as an anomaly, or was it an expression of innate characteristics that still lie beneath the surface of the seemingly idyllic Alpine Republic?
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actually anti-fascist artists asylum seekers attempt Austrian cultural Austrian identity Austrian political Bad Goisern Berlin Burgtheater campaign Carinthia Chancellor critical Czernin democracy demonstrate Der Standard Die Presse Doron Rabinovici election Elfriede Jelinek European fascist February figure Franz Vranitzky Freedom Party Freiheit Fritzl GauB German Gitta Honegger Gusenbauer Handke Hitler Holocaust Honegger intellectuals interview Jbrg Haider Jorg Josef Haslinger Klagenfurt Kronen Zeitung leader Lebewohl Lecerf leftist liberal Liessmann literary Mayer/Koberg 2006 Menasse Meyer Michael multiculturalism National Socialism Nazi novel Oberwart Osterreich Osterreichische Ottomeyer Paula Wessely Pelinka Peter Peter Handke play politician portrayed postwar Presse published Rabinovici reference Reinbek right-wing Robert Robert Menasse role Rowohlt Schlingensief Sichrovsky Social Democrats society speak Spiegel Standard Streeruwitz television term theater Third Reich Thurnher traditional Verlag victims Vienna Viennese Waldheim women writer Zilk Zochling