Half Measures: Reform, Forced Labor and the Dominican Sugar Industry

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Human Rights Watch, 1991 - Alien labor, Haitian - 35 pages
 

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Page 13 - ... of national minorities on their territory. They will respect the free exercise of rights by persons belonging to such minorities and ensure their full equality with others. 20. The participating States will respect fully the right of everyone: - to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State; and - to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
Page 5 - forced or compulsory labour' shall mean all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily.
Page 34 - Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, Costa Rica, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Montserrat, the Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, St..
Page 20 - the labor of minors less than 14 years old is prohibited." The violation of this law by the State Sugar Council is pervasive. In addition, under Article 229 "the employment of minors less than 18 years old in ^.dangerous or unhealthy labor is prohibited.
Page 34 - The 13 members of CARICOM are: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Dominica; Grenada; Guyana; Jamaica; Montserrat; St.
Page 23 - Although the work contract guarantees the minimum wage, most of the cane cutters we interviewed were earning substantially less. At eighteen pesos (about US $1.44) per ton, a cane cutter would have to cut almost one-and-a-half tons of sugar cane every day to earn the minimum wage of 24 pesos (US $1.92) in the agricultural sector.
Page 23 - Living conditions have not noticeably improved over prior years. Typical is the sight of cane cutters boiling pots of rice over a fire on the ground in front of their concrete, barracksstyle housing. Four or six cane cutters share a small, bare, dark room no larger than eight by ten feet and, if they are lucky, sleep on metal bunk beds with a thin foam mat. There is no running water, few latrines, no electricity, and no proper cooking facilities.
Page 5 - However, to our knowledge, the government has never forthrightly and publicly acknowledged the role of the Dominican army in forcibly recruiting Haitians and in providing the muscle behind the system of coercion which allows the CEA to compel Haitian workers to cut cane.

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