Halleck's International Law: Or, Rules Regulating the Intercourse of States in Peace and War, Volume 2

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C. K. Paul & Company, 1878 - International law
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Contents

Use of privateers
14
Privateers not used in recent wars
16
How received by other States
17
Privateers by whom commissioned
18
Treaty stipulations respecting privateers
20
Use of poisoned weapons
23
Surprises
24
Allowable deceptions
25
Use of a false flag at sea
28
Deceitful intelligence
29
Employment of spies
30
CHAPTER XIX
52
CHAPTER XX
68
Rule of reciprocity
94
Limits to this rule
95
CHAPTER XXI
96
Questions of booty
119
Ancient courts of chivalry
120
English law respecting booty
121
CHAPTER XXII
124
CHAPTER XXIII
154
Exceptions
156
Rule rigorously enforced
159
Withdrawal from enemys country at beginning of war
160
Necessity of a licence discussed
161
Decisions in the United States
162
Good faith or mistake no defence
163
Different kinds of trade
164
Vessels liable to capture during continuous voyage
165
Share of partner in neutral house
166
Regularity of papers not conclusive
167
Distinction between native subject and domiciled stranger 16S 19 Effect of acceptance of a licence from the enemy
169
Possessions and colonies of the enemy
172
CHAPTER XXIV
173
PARA
203
If condemned in captors country
209
CHAPTER XXV
211
CHAPTER XXVI
244
Return voyage
248
If not contraband at time of seizure
249
Transfer of such goods from one port to another
250
Differences of opinion among textwriters
251
Of modern publicists
252
256
256
257
257
264
263
CHAPTER XXVII
267
Neutral vessels under enemys convoy
293
Effect of resistance of master on cargo
295
Neutral property in armed enemy vessel
296
Documents requisite to prove neutral character
297
Concealment of papers
298
Use of false papers
299
Impressment of seamen from neutral vessels
300
Their rights and duties
356
Ransom of prisoners of war
357
Ransom of captured property
358
If ransom vessel be lost or stranded
359
2 Hostages for captures and prisoners
360
Suits on contracts of ransom
361
CHAPTER XXX
364
For importation does not protect reexportation
376
Change of port of destination
377
Time limited in licence 57
378
If not on board or not endorsed
379
CHAPTER XXXII
411
Historical examples
430
CHAPTER XXXIII
444
Upon municipal laws
450
Punishment of crimes in such territory
452
Laws of England instantly extend over conquered territory
455
Territory so occupied no part of the American Union but a part of the United States with respect to other countries
456
Effect of this distinction
457
American decisions
458
Powers of the President respecting such revenues
459
Change of ownership of private property during military occupation
460
Laws relating to such transfers
461
14 Allegiance of inhabitants of occupied territory
462
Lawful resistance and insurrection
463
Implied obligation of the conquered
464
Right of revolution
466
Historical examples
468
Alienations of territory occupied by an enemy
469
CHAPTER XXXIV
480
CHAPTER XXXV
512
Upon moveables on land
516
? Real property
517
Towns and provinces
518
Release of a subjugated State
520
Case of Genoa in 1814
521
Textwriters and prize courts
522
Rights of postliminy modified by treaties and municipal laws
524
Setting forth as a vessel of war
527
Laws of France Spain and other States
528
Quantum of salvage on recaptures
530
Recapture of neutral property 53i 20 International law on salvage
532
Military and civil salvage
533
Where original capture was unlawful
535
In case of ransom
536
From pirates
537
By land forces in foreign ports 53S 28 By native and allied armies in native ports
538
APPENDIX
541
Foreign Enlistment Act 1870
553
International Courts in Egpt
555
Territorial Waters of the British Empire
559
INDEX
567
In Great Britain 416
592
Cases of Hale and Andr 32
608

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Page 219 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 16 - Privateering is and remains abolished; 2. The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4.
Page 492 - ... to the United States by this treaty shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, as soon as may be consistent with the principles of the Federal Constitution, and admitted to the enjoyment of the privileges, rights, and immunities of the citizens of the United States.
Page 185 - A neutral Government is bound — " First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace...
Page 186 - And whereas the privilege of exterritoriality accorded to vessels of war has been admitted into the law of nations, not as an absolute right, but solely as a proceeding founded on the principle of courtesy and mutual deference between different nations, and therefore can never be appealed to for the protection of acts done in violation of neutrality...
Page 17 - And that the private property of the subjects or citizens of a belligerent on the high seas shall be exempted from seizure by public armed vessels of the other belligerent, except it be contraband.
Page 542 - He shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and shall be punishable by fine and imprisonment, or either of such punishments, at the discretion of the court before which the offender is convicted; and imprisonment, if awarded, may be either with or without hard labour.
Page 349 - I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following terms, to wit : Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer...
Page 36 - As martial law is executed by military force, it is incumbent upon those who administer it to be strictly guided by the principles of justice, honor, and humanity — virtues adorning a soldier even more than other men, for the very reason that he possesses the power of his arms against the unarmed.
Page 455 - Martial rule can never exist where the courts are open, and in the proper and unobstructed exercise of their jurisdiction. It is also confined to the locality of actual war.

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