Handbook of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Gianfranco Denes, Luigi Pizzamiglio
Psychology Press, 1999 - Medical - 1108 pages
The domain of neuroscience has had one of the most explosive growths in recent decades: within this development there has been a remarkable and renewed interest in the study of the relations between behaviour and the central nervous system. Part of this new attention is connected with the contribution of new technologies (PET, fMRI) permitting more precise mapping of neural structures responsible for cognitive functions and the development of new theoretical models of mental activities.
The diffusion of new pathologies (for example the pattern of cognitive impairment associated with AIDS) has further enlarged the field of clinical neuropsychology. Finally there has been an expanding clinical interest in the understanding and management of age-related cognitive changes.
This volume is the translated and updated version of the second edition of Manuale di Neuropsicologia (Zanichelli, 1996), by the same authors, and it reflects the current status of the art. It is intended to blend clinical and theoretical aspects of neuropsychology. The first part discusses the instrumental and clinical methods of investigation in neuropsychology, together with their development. A long section is dedicated to the language and memory disorders. The impairment of non-verbal cognitve functions, such as the disorders of space orientation, of of visuo-perceptive abilities, and of the emotions and attention, are extensively discussed. The pattern of degenerative dementias is thorougly described, as e is thoroughly described, as well as a number of new topics, such as a neuropsychological approach to consciousness. Finally, perspectives for treatment of some cognitive disorders are outlined.
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The Evaluation of Experimental Data
The Methodological Foundations
The Neurological Foundations of
Clinical Aspects of Aphasia
Neuropsychology of Attention
The Frontal Lobe
Acute Confusional State
Calculations and Number
Neuropsychology of Emotions
The Neuropsychological Approach
Definition and Diagnostic
Grammatical Deficits in Aphasia
Disorders of Conceptual Thinking
Acquired Dyslexias and Dysgraphias
The Neuropsychology of Music
Visuospatial and Imagery Disorders
Unilateral Neglect and Related
Disorders of Body Awareness and Body
ability activation agnosia agrammatic amnesia amnesic anatomical anosognosia aphasia aphasic apraxia areas associated attention auditory behaviour bilateral brain brain-damaged patients Broca's Broca's aphasia Caramazza cerebral clinical cognitive colour commissurotomy commissurotomy patients complex components comprehension concept contralateral corpus callosum correlation cortex cortical damage Damasio defective deficit dementia disorders dissociation dyslexia emotional errors example frontal lobe frontal lobe patients functional grammatical graphemic gyrus hemifield hypothesis images impairment interhemispheric interpretation involved language left hemisphere lesions lexical lexicon linguistic localisation medial memory mental modality motor neural neurones neuropsychological nonverbal nonwords normal subjects objects observed organisation parietal parietal lobe perceptual performance phonemic phonological posterior prefrontal presented problems processing production prosopagnosia recognition Renzi reported representation response retrograde amnesia right hemisphere role saccades selective semantic sensory Shallice showed spatial specific stimuli structures studies subcortical syndrome tasks temporal temporal lobe thematic roles Vallar verbal Vignolo visual Warrington Wernicke's words