Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World

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Oxford University Press, 2005 - History - 402 pages
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The ancient Mayan civilization of southern Mexico and northern Central America has long been described as "mysterious," even though scholars have been studying this culture for hundreds of years. Our view of the Maya has changed dramatically based on the various findings of these scholars; what were once thought of as "vacant ceremonial centers," inhabited by only a few calendar priests and used as places of ritual by the surrounding peasant farmers, have now been redefined as ancient thriving cities of thousands of Maya. Hierogliphic inscriptions, once thought to be astrological mumbo-jumbo, now read as names of historical individuals and the cities they ruled.
The Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World provides a comprehensive and accessible reference to the greatest and most mysterious of civilizations, hailed for its contributions to science, mathematics, and technology. The book focuses on recent groundbreaking discoveries while presenting the civilization's earlist beginnings to its conquest by the Spanish in the 16th Century. Each chapter is supplemented by an extensive bibliography as well as photographs. original line drawings, and maps. Different sections include civilization and archaeology, evolution, geography, society and government, astronomy and the calendar, funerary beliefs and customs, and many more,
 

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Contents

EVOLUTION OF MAYA
15
GEOGRAPHY OF
89
Changing Environment
97
PlaceNames of Maya Cities
103
Reading
116
CityStates Regional States
124
Classic Period Maya Rulership
134
Reading
140
Quiche Funerary Urn
210
Ancestor Worship and Legitimacy
211
Architectural Traits
218
The Late Postclassic Castillo at Tulum
219
Four Late Classic Period Architectural Styles
225
Site Plans
226
Palace and GroundFloor Plan at Puuc Site
232
Materials and Techniques
238

Kinds of Warfare
147
The Supernatural in War
155
The Identities of the Gods
163
The Unfolding of Creation
171
Vase of the Seven Gods
173
The Role of Kings and Shamans
178
Stela C Copan
181
The Purpose of Ritual Performance
187
Snake Dance Represented on a Lintel Site
188
Lintel 2 La Pasadita
194
Conclusion
197
Souls and the Afterlife
203
Examples of Maya Stonework
240
ARITHMETIC ASTRONOMY
245
Cycles of Time
251
WRITTEN EVIDENCE
265
ECONOMY INDUSTRY
305
Diversity of Population
329
Food and Drink
335
Reading
342
LIST OF TABLES
343
INDEX
367
Copyright

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Page 350 - The Architectural Context of Caches, Burials, and Other Ritual Activities for the Classic Period Maya (as Reflected at Caracol, Belize).

About the author (2005)


Lynn V. Foster is an independent writer and scholar. Peter Mathews is Professor of Archaeology at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia.

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