Handbook of Modern Sensors: Physics, Designs, and Applications

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 22, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 663 pages
Since publication of the previous, the 3rd edition of this book, the sensor tech- logies have made a remarkable leap ahead. The sensitivity of the sensors became higher, the dimensions – smaller, the selectivity – better, and the prices – lower. What have not changed, are the fundamental principles of the sensor design. They still are governed by the laws of Nature. Arguably one of the greatest geniuses ever lived, Leonardo Da Vinci had his own peculiar way of praying. It went like this, “Oh Lord, thanks for Thou don’t violate Thy own laws. ” It is comforting indeed that the laws of Nature do not change with time, it is just that our appreciation of them becomes re?ned. Thus, this new edition examines the same good old laws of Nature that form the foundation for designs of various sensors. This has not changed much since the previous editions. Yet, the sections that describe practical designs are revised substantially. Recent ideas and developments have been added, while obsolete and less important designs were dropped. This book is about devices commonly called sensors. The invention of a microprocessor has brought highly sophisticated instruments into our everyday life. Numerous computerized appliances, of which microprocessors are integral parts, wash clothes and prepare coffee, play music, guard homes, and control room temperature. Sensors are essential components in any device that uses a digital signal processor.
 

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Contents

Data Acquisition
1
Sensor Characteristics
13
Physical Principles of Sensing
53
Optical Components of Sensors
147
Interface Electronic Circuits
173
Occupancy and Motion Detectors
247
Position Displacement and Level
279
Velocity and Acceleration
327
Acoustic Sensors
431
Humidity and Moisture Sensors
445
Light Detectors
461
Radiation Detectors
503
Temperature Sensors
519
Chemical Sensors1
569
Sensor Materials and Technologies
607
Appendix
637

Force Strain and Tactile Sensors
353
Pressure Sensors
375
Flow Sensors
399

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About the author (2010)

Jacob Fraden holds a Ph.D. in medical electronics and is Chief Technology Officer of Kaz, Inc., a company that produces a large variety of medical, consumer electrical and electronic products. He holds over 50 patents in the areas of sensing, medical instrumentation, security and others.

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