Handbook of Ugaritic Studies

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Wilfred G. E. Watson, Nicolas Wyatt
BRILL, Jan 1, 1999 - History - 892 pages
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Over the past seven decades, the scores of publications on Ugarit in Northern Syria (15th to 11th centuries BCE) are so scattered that a good overall view of the subject is virtually impossible. Wilfred Watson and Nicolas Wyatt, the editors of the present Handbook in the series Handbook of Oriental Studies, have brought together and made accessible this accumulated knowledge on the archives from Ugarit, called 'the foremost literary discovery of the twentieth century' by Cyrus Gordon. In 16 chapters a careful selection of specialists in the field deal with all important aspects of Ugarit, such as the discovery and decipherment of a previously unknown script (alphabetic cuneiform) used to write both the local language (Ugaritic) and Hurrian and its grammar, vocabulary and style; documents in other languages (including Akkadian and Hittite), as well as the literature and letters, culture, economy, social life, religion, history and iconography of the ancient kingdom of Ugarit. A chapter on computer analysis of these documents concludes the work. This first such wide-ranging survey, which includes recent scholarship, an extensive up-to-date bibliography, illustrations and maps, will be of particular use to those studying the history, religion, cultures and languages of the ancient Near East, and also of the Bible and to all those interested in the background to Greek and Phoenician cultures.
 

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Contents

Chapter Two Ras Shamra Minet elBeida
5
Chapter Three The Written Sources
28
The Alphabetic Ugaritic Tablets
46
The Human and Hittite Texts
58
Chapter Four The Ugaritic Language
76
Ugaritic Grammar
91
Ugaritic Lexicography
122
Ugaritic Words in Syllabic Texts
134
The Omen Texts
353
Chapter Eight The Correspondence of Ugarit
359
The Akkadian Letters
375
Chapter Nine The Legal Texts from Ugarit
390
Chapter Ten The Economy of Ugarit
423
Chapter Eleven The Society of Ugarit
455
Chapter Twelve The Onomastics of Ugarit
499
Chapter Fourteen The Iconography of Ugarit
586

Chapter Five Ugaritic Stylistics
140
Ugaritic Poetry
165
Chapter Six The Ugaritic Literary Texts
193
The Legend of Keret
203
The Story of Aqhat
234
The Rpum Texts
259
The Incantations
270
Chapter Seven The Ugaritic Cultic Texts
287
The Offering Lists and the God Lists
305
Chapter Fifteen A Political History of Ugarit
603
Chapter Sixteen The Tablets and the Computer
734
Storage and Analysis of the Texts
747
References
755
List of Contributors
824
Index of Toponyms
844
Index of RIH Texts
871
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About the author (1999)

Wilfred Watson, Ph.D. (1973), Aberdeen University, is Visiting Research Fellow in Newcastle University. He has written extensively on Ugaritic language and poetry and co-edited the "Newsletter for Ugaritic Studies" and "Ugarit, Religion and Culture" ("Ugarit-Verlag," 1996). Nicolas Wyatt is Reader in Religious Studies in the University of Edinburgh. His main research interests are in the history of religions and mythology. He is author of "Myths of Power" ("Ugarit Verlag," 1996) and "Religious Texts from Ugarit" ("Sheffield Academic Press," 1998).