Handbook of Health in War and Peace: A Manual of Personal Preparedness

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American Museum of Natural History, 1917 - Hygiene - 51 pages
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Page 17 - that people who live in the forest, in open barns, or with open windows, do not catch cold, and that the disease called 'a cold' is generally caused by impure air, lack of exercise, or from overeating.
Page 46 - If the blood comes from a wound in jets or spurts, an artery is bleeding, and the result may be serious if the flow is not checked. Fortunately, at most parts of the body the arteries are deeply buried in the flesh. A severed artery calls for prompt action. Put firm pressure close to the bleeding part, between the wound and the heart. In case the wound is in the arm or the leg, the pressure is best applied by tying a knot in the center of a folded handkerchief, and laying this knot over the artery....
Page 5 - Within natural limitations, a community can determine its own death rate. It is a bold saying but a true one. If you remember it as you grow up, you will do all you can to make your city and your state secure a low death rate by setting in operation all the machinery necessary for the prevention of preventable disease. QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND REVIEW 1. What are some of the...
Page 25 - ... decreasing, as is the case at earlier age periods. The increase is manifested almost wholly in the degenerative diseases of the heart and blood vessels and kidneys, and in cancer. It is not a necessary and inevitable increase, for in England and in Sweden the death rates at all ages are decreasing. . Most of the degenerative diseases cannot be cured in the sense that diseases of early life are cured. Old age prevails in time. The important fact is that in too many cases old age comes on prematurely...
Page 6 - Unit" (BTU), that is, the amount of heat energy necessary to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit at 60° F. is known as 1 BTU The mechanical equivalent of heat known as "Jule's equivalent
Page 8 - Corn meal mush,2 fried (+ milk for children and corn syrup for adults). Bread (or toast). Oleomargarin. Coffee (for adults). Stewed prunes. Orange juice for baby. Luncheon or Supper Pork and beans« (bean soup for young children). Bread. Oleomargarin. Tea with milk and sugar for adults. Milk for youngest children. Cereal coffee or cocoa for older children. Sliced bananas with sugar.* Dinner Lentil soup.o Boiled riee.
Page 25 - Controlling the Diseases of Adult Life. One of the most important, though hitherto almost neglected, fields of public hygiene is the control of the degenerative diseases of later life. Statistics show that at ages over 45 the death rate in the United States is increasing and not decreasing, as is the case at earlier age periods. The increase is manifested almost wholly in the degenerative diseases of the heart and blood vessels and kidneys, and in cancer. It is not a necessary and inevitable increase,...
Page 40 - ... salt by its osmotic action sets up a greatly increased flow of lymph from the tissues into the wound, thus relieving the inflamed tissues of congestion, and setting up a flow of fluid from within outwards which tends to wash away bacteria. Both the lymph and the strong salt solution are unfavorable to the growth of bacteria. So far as the white corpuscles are concerned, strong saline solutions are unfavorable to their vitality; but when the wound has become healthier it is usual to decrease the...
Page 25 - ... important, though hitherto almost neglected, fields of public hygiene is the control of the degenerative diseases of later life. Statistics show that at ages over 45 the death rate in the United States is increasing and not decreasing, as is the case at earlier age periods. The increase is manifested almost wholly in the degenerative diseases of the heart and blood vessels and kidneys, and in cancer. It is not a necessary and inevitable increase, for in England and in Sweden the death rates at...
Page 8 - Bread. Oleomargarin. Tea for adults. Milk for youngest child. Dried apple pie with cheese for adults. Dried apple sauce for others.

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